2020

2020 https://tvdseo.com/n2020 (MMXX) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2020th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 20th year of the 3rd millennium, the 20th year of the 21st century, and the 1st year of the 2020s decade.
2020 was heavily defined by the COVID-19 pandemic, which led to global social and economic disruption, mass cancellations and postponements of events, worldwide lockdowns and the largest economic recession since the Great Depression of the 1930s. Geospatial World also called it “the worst year in terms of climate change” in part due to major climate disasters worldwide, including major bushfires in Australia and the western United States, as well as extreme tropical cyclone activity affecting large parts of North America. A United Nations progress report published in December 2020 indicated that none of the international Sustainable Development Goals for 2020 were achieved.2020 was declared the “International Year of Plant Health” by the United Nations and “Year of the Nurse and Midwife” by the World Health Organization.

== Events ==

=== January ===
January 1 – The Australian bushfires of 2019, or “Black Summer”, that have killed as many as 500 million animals so far continues into the new year as the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) are deployed to New South Wales to assist mass evacuation efforts.
January 3 – 2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis: A U.S. drone strike at Baghdad International Airport kills Iranian general Qasem Soleimani and Iraqi paramilitary leader Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis.
January 5 – Second Libyan Civil War: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announces that Turkish troops will be deployed to Libya on behalf of the United Nations-backed Government of National Accord.
January 8
2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis: Iran launches ballistic missiles at two Iraqi military bases hosting American soldiers, injuring multiple personnel.
2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis: Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 is mistakenly shot down by Iran’s armed forces shortly after takeoff from Tehran Imam Khomeini Airport, killing all 176 people on board.
January 9
A rare, circumbinary planet called TOI 1338-b is discovered.
Boko Haram militants assault a Nigerien military base at Chinagodrar, killing at least 89 Nigerien soldiers.
January 10 – The Sultan of Oman, Qaboos bin Said, dies aged 79. Haitham bin Tariq is sworn in as his successor.
January 16 – The impeachment trial of the President of the United States, Donald Trump, begins in the U.S. Senate. He was acquitted on February 5.
January 18 – Yemeni Civil War: 111 Yemeni soldiers and 5 civilians are killed in a drone and missile attack on a military camp near Ma’rib.
January 29 – U.S. president Donald Trump signs the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement, a North American trade agreement set to replace NAFTA.
January 30 – COVID-19 pandemic: The World Health Organization (WHO) declares the outbreak of the disease as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, the sixth time that this measure has been invoked since 2009.
January 31 – The United Kingdom and Gibraltar formally withdraw from the European Union, beginning an 11-month transition period.

=== February ===
February 11 – COVID-19 pandemic: The World Health Organization (WHO) names the disease COVID-19.
February 13 – NASA publishes a detailed study of Arrokoth, the most distant body ever explored by a spacecraft, which New Horizons passed by on its journey through the Kuiper belt.
February 24 – The Pakatan Harapan coalition government of Malaysia collapses and is replaced by the Perikatan Nasional coalition. On 1 March 2020, Muhyiddin Yassin is sworn as 8th Prime Minister of Malaysia.
February 27 – 2020 stock market crash: The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) plunges by 1,190.95 points, or 4.4%, to close at 25,766.64, its largest one-day point decline at the time. This follows several days of large falls, marking the worst week for the index since 2008, triggered by fears of the spreading COVID-19.
February 28 – Syrian Civil War: Ambassadors of all 29 NATO allies meet in the North Atlantic Council to express solidarity with Turkey after 33 Turkish soldiers were killed in an airstrike by pro-Syrian government forces.
February 29
Luxembourg becomes the first country in the world to make all public transport free to use.
A conditional peace agreement is signed between the U.S. and the Taliban in Doha, Qatar, leading the U.S. to begin gradually withdrawing troops from Afghanistan on March 10.

=== March ===
March 5 – The International Criminal Court authorizes the Afghanistan War Crimes inquiry to proceed, reportedly allowing for the first time for U.S. citizens to be investigated.
March 9 – International share prices fall sharply in response to a Russo-Saudi oil price war and the impact of COVID-19. The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) plunges more than 2,000 points, the largest fall in its history up to that point. Oil prices also plunge by as much as 30% in early trading, the biggest fall since 1991.
March 11 – COVID-19 pandemic: The World Health Organization declares the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
March 12 – Global stock markets crash due to continued concerns over COVID-19 and the U.S. travel ban on the Schengen Area. The DJIA goes into free fall, closing at over −2,300 points, the worst losses for the index since 1987.
March 13 – COVID-19 pandemic: The government of Nepal announces that Mount Everest will be closed to climbers and the public for the rest of the season due to concerns from the COVID-19 pandemic in Asia.
March 16 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 2,997.10, the single largest point drop in history and the second-largest percentage drop ever at 12.93%, an even greater crash than Black Monday (1929). This follows the U.S. Federal Reserve announcing that it will cut its target interest rate to 0–0.25%.
March 17
COVID-19 pandemic:
European leaders close the EU’s external and Schengen borders for at least 30 days in an effort to curb the COVID-19 pandemic.
The Euro 2020 and 2020 Copa América association football tournaments are postponed until the summer of 2021 by UEFA and CONMEBOL respectively.
March 18
COVID-19 pandemic:
The European Broadcasting Union announces that the Eurovision Song Contest 2020 will be cancelled due to COVID-19 in Europe, the first cancellation in the contest’s 64-year history.
Solidarity trial, a WHO-sponsored group dedicated to finding a cure against COVID-19, is announced by Director-General of WHO Tedros Adhanom.
March 20
COVID-19 pandemic: The worldwide death toll from COVID-19 surpasses 10,000 as the total number of cases reaches a quarter of a million.
The Bhadla Solar Park is commissioned and becomes the world’s largest solar park.
March 24
COVID-19 pandemic:
India goes into lockdown to contain COVID-19. The total number of people in the world facing some form of pandemic-related movement restriction now exceeds 2.6 billion, a third of the global population.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang reports that the domestically transmitted epidemic was “basically blocked” and it is now under control. Two days later, China temporarily suspends entry for foreign nationals with visas or residence permits, effective midnight March 28.
The International Olympic Committee and Japan suspend the 2020 Summer Olympics until 2021. On March 30, the Summer Olympics are rescheduled from July 23 to August 8, 2021.
March 26
COVID-19 pandemic:
Global COVID-19 cases reach 500,000, with nearly 23,000 deaths confirmed. The US surpasses China and Italy in total number of known COVID-19 cases, with at least 81,321 cases and more than 1,000 deaths.
Militants in the Philippines, Syria, Yemen, and Libya agree to U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres’ call for a ceasefire; some accept medical aid for themselves and civilians in their communities. Guterres also asked wealthy countries to provide $2 billion to aid in fighting the virus. Colombia and Venezuela discussed a common response to the global pandemic, and the UAE airlifts aid to Iran.
March 27 – North Macedonia becomes the 30th country to join NATO.
March 30 – 2020 Russia–Saudi Arabia oil price war: The price of Brent Crude falls 9% to $23 per barrel, the lowest level since November 2002.

=== April ===
April 1
COVID-19 pandemic:
China reports 130 asymptomatic cases of COVID-19, its first reported asymptomatic cases.
Yemen’s internationally recognised government releases more than 470 of its prisoners amid concerns of the spread of the virus in Yemen’s overcrowded jails. The United Nations Human Rights Council has called for the release of all political prisoners.
April 2 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 1 million worldwide.
April 5
COVID-19 pandemic:
The first case of COVID-19 in a zoo animal is reported: a four-year-old female Malayan tiger at the Bronx Zoo in New York City.
April 6 – The United States designates the Russian Imperial Movement as a terrorist organization and imposes sanctions on its leaders; it is the first white supremacist group the U.S. has designated as a terrorist organization.
April 7 – COVID-19 pandemic: Japan declares a state of emergency in response to COVID-19 and finalises a stimulus package worth 108 trillion yen (US$990 billion), equal to 20% of the country’s GDP.
April 8
COVID-19 pandemic:
China ends the lockdown in Wuhan, with people allowed to leave the city for the first time in 76 days.
The Saudi-led coalition declares a unilateral ceasefire in its operations against Houthi forces in Yemen in accordance with United Nations-led efforts.
April 10
Kivu Ebola epidemic: The Democratic Republic of the Congo reports the first case of Ebola since February 2020. The outbreak has killed more than 2,200 people since August 2018.
The ESA/JAXA space probe BepiColombo makes its final gravity assist around Earth and begins to depart for Venus, where it will make several gravity assist maneuvers before finally arriving at Mercury in 2025.
COVID-19 pandemic:
The death toll from COVID-19 exceeds 100,000 globally, a ten-fold increase from March 20.
EU finance ministers agree on a €540 billion loan package to alleviate the economic fallout of the coronavirus pandemic.
April 12
COVID-19 pandemic: Pope Francis livestreams the Urbi et Orbi blessing for Easter; it is the second blessing in a month, with the first taking place on March 27 during a special prayer service for the end of the pandemic.
OPEC and allies strike a deal to cut oil production by 9.7 million barrels per day, the largest such cut agreed upon, starting May 1.
April 14
COVID-19 pandemic
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) says it expects the world economy to shrink 3%, the worst contraction since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
U.S. president Donald Trump announces that the U.S. will suspend funding towards the World Health Organization (WHO) pending an investigation of its handling of the COVID-19 pandemic and its relationship with China.
April 15
COVID-19 pandemic:
The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 2 million worldwide.
The 2020 Tour de France is delayed until August 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
April 17
The China Securities Regulatory Commission approves a transaction in which Switzerland’s Credit Suisse will take a majority interest in a China securities firm, making Credit Suisse the first foreign bank to own a majority of such a company since the easing of foreign ownership rules in 2018.
COVID-19 pandemic:
China revises the COVID-19 death toll in Wuhan upward, adding 1,290 more fatalities to bring the country’s reported COVID-19 deaths to 4,632.
Europe surpasses 100,000 COVID-19-related deaths.
The U.N. Human Rights Office accuses Myanmar of carrying out daily airstrikes in the Rakhine and Chin states and that at least 32 civilians have been killed since March 23. The separatist Arakan Army unilaterally declared a month-long ceasefire to fight the pandemic, but the military rejected the ceasefire claiming a previous ceasefire had been reneged by the insurgents.
April 18 – 44 suspected Boko Haram members are found dead, apparently due to poisoning, inside a prison in N’Djamena, Chad.
April 19
Vietnam condemns China’s prior decision to establish administrative districts in the disputed Paracel and Spratly Islands as a violation of its sovereignty.
COVID-19 pandemic: Unrest breaks out in Paris, Berlin and Vladikavkaz as opposition to COVID-19 lockdowns continue.
April 20
Oil prices reach a record low, with West Texas Intermediate falling into negative values.
The Industrial Bank of Korea agrees to pay US$86 million and will enter a two-year deferred prosecution agreement to settle lawsuits with the U.S. Department of Justice and the state of New York over a 2011 scheme to help transfer US$1 billion to Iran.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Blue and White Alliance leader Benny Gantz agree on a deal to form a unity government, thus ending more than a year of political deadlock. As part of the deal, Netanyahu will hold onto his position for 18 more months, with Gantz replacing him afterwards.
April 21 – Mozambique police say 52 male villagers were killed by Islamist militants earlier this month in Muidumbe District, Cabo Delgado Province, after they refused to join their ranks.
April 22 – Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps deploys the country’s first military satellite, using a new satellite carrier called “Ghased” (“Messenger”).
April 23
Syrian Civil War: Two former high-ranking members of the Syrian Army go on trial in Koblenz, Germany, for alleged war crimes committed during the civil war. It is the first time that Syrian military officials are prosecuted for their roles in the conflict.
COVID-19 pandemic: Facebook removes “pseudoscience” and “conspiracy theory” as options for targeted ads as criticism mounts against social media for its role in spreading misinformation about COVID-19.
April 25
Yemeni Civil War: The Southern Transitional Council (STC) announces the establishment of a self-rule administration in southern Yemen and deploys forces in Aden. Governors of multiple southern Yemeni Governorates and Socotra island reject the STC’s claim to self-rule and declare their loyalty to President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. Months later on July 19, the STC accepts a Saudi-brokered peace deal and abandons its self-rule aspirations.
COVID-19 pandemic: The global death toll from COVID-19 exceeds 200,000. The UK becomes the fifth country to report 20,000 deaths.
April 26 – King Salman issues a royal decree, declaring that people will no longer be executed in Saudi Arabia for crimes they were convicted of when they were minors.
April 27
The Pentagon formally releases three videos (previously leaked by Luis Elizondo in 2017) of “unidentified aerial phenomena” encountered by U.S. Navy pilots.
COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases passes 3 million worldwide, while the number of confirmed cases in the U.S. passes 1 million.
April 28
A fast radio burst is detected from the Magnetar SGR 1935+2154, the first ever detected inside the Milky Way, and the first to be linked to a known source.
Colombia formalizes its membership with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), becoming the 37th nation of the organization.
The Indian Ministry of External Affairs condemns the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom after its annual report recommends placing India on the “countries of particular concern” blacklist over the Citizenship Amendment Act, the revocation of Jammu and Kashmir’s special status, and controversial comments made by Home Minister Amit Shah, among others.
April 29 – (52768) 1998 OR2, a near-Earth asteroid that is 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) wide, makes a close approach of 0.042 AU (6.3 million km; 16 LD) to Earth. It will not approach closer than this until 2079.
April 30
NASA officially selects SpaceX, Blue Origin, and Dynetics to build its next-generation lunar lander to carry American astronauts to the Moon by 2024.
Bulgaria applies for ERM II (the “waiting room” for the Eurozone), due to join along with Croatia in July 2020.

=== May ===
May 1 – COVID-19 pandemic: The total number of recovered COVID-19 patients reaches 1 million worldwide, according to data from The Johns Hopkins University.
May 3–4 – Venezuelan dissidents and an American-based private military company, Silvercorp USA, unsuccessfully attempt to infiltrate Venezuela and forcibly remove President Nicolás Maduro from office.
May 4 – A team of British and Kenyan scientists announce the discovery of Microsporidia MB, a parasitic microbe in the Microsporidia fungi group that blocks mosquitos from carrying malaria, potentially paving the way for the control of malaria.
May 5
COVID-19 pandemic: The U.K. death toll from COVID-19 becomes the highest in Europe at 32,313 after exceeding the death toll of 29,029 in Italy.
The Philippines’ National Telecommunications Commission issues a cease and desist order to the broadcasting operations of ABS-CBN, the country’s largest media network, as Congress fails to renew its franchise granted on March 30, 1995. The last time the network was shut down was upon the declaration of martial law by the Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos in 1972. On July 10, Members of the Philippine House Committee on Legislative Franchises vote against the franchise renewal of the said network.
May 6
Astronomers announce the discovery of the first black hole located in a star system visible to the naked eye.
COVID-19 pandemic: New evidence indicates that an Algerian-born French fishmonger, who had not traveled to China and did not have contact with any Chinese nationals, was treated for pneumonia from an unknown source on December 27, 2019, now identified as COVID-19.
May 9 – Several Chinese and Indian soldiers are injured in a cross-border clash at the Nathu La crossing. About 150 troops participated in the face-off, which involved fistfights and stone-throwing.
May 10
The Iranian Navy frigate Jamaran accidentally strikes the Iranian support vessel Konarak with a missile, killing nineteen sailors. This is the first friendly fire incident since February 2019, when an Indian Mil Mi-17 helicopter was mistakenly shot down by Indian air defense forces.
COVID-19 pandemic: Wuhan reports its first coronavirus cases in more than a month. An 89-year-old man is confirmed positive, but his wife and several members of the community are recorded as asymptomatic cases.
May 11 – The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology publishes the result of radiocarbon and DNA analysis from the fossils that has been found in the Bacho Kiro cave, Bulgaria. The result, showing that the fossils belong to Homo sapiens instead of Neanderthal, indicates that modern humans may have arrived in Europe thousands of years earlier than previously thought.
May 12 – Gunmen storm a maternity hospital and kill 24 people, including two newborn babies, in Dashte Barchi, a majority-Shia neighborhood of Kabul, Afghanistan. In a separate incident in Kuz Kunar, 32 people are killed at a funeral by a suicide bomber.
May 14
COVID-19 pandemic:
The global death toll from COVID-19 exceeds 300,000.
The UN warns of a global mental health crisis caused by isolation, fear, uncertainty and economic turmoil.
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg says the military alliance is “ready to support” the UN-recognized Government of National Accord while Greece, a member state of NATO, strongly criticizes Stoltenberg’s remarks, saying his recognition of the “Muslim Brotherhood government” does not reflect the positions of the military alliance.
May 15 – Researchers announce a 2.5 cm millipede fossil belonging to the Kampecaris genus, discovered on the island of Kerrera in the Scottish Inner Hebrides, is the world’s oldest-known land animal, which lived 425 million years ago in the Silurian period.
May 16
COVID-19 pandemic: Bundesliga becomes the first major sports league to resume its season since March 11.
Félicien Kabuga, a Rwandan businessman responsible for supporting the Rwandan genocide, is arrested in Asnières-sur-Seine, France, after 26 years as a fugitive.
May 18
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs announces that nearly 1 million people are affected and at least 24 people have died in flash floods that have hit Beledweyne and Jowhar, Somalia.
In a historic move, the World Health Organization holds its annual World Health Assembly using video conferencing instead of in-person meetings.
May 19 – Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas announces the termination of all agreements, including security ones, with Israel and the United States in response to Israel’s plans to annex the Jordan Valley.
May 21
Cyclone Amphan makes landfall in eastern India and Bangladesh, killing over 100 people and forcing the evacuation of more than 4 million others. It causes over US$13 billion in damage, making it the costliest cyclone ever recorded in the North Indian Ocean, shattering the record previously held by Nargis.
The U.S. announces it will withdraw from the Open Skies Treaty within six months, alleging continuous violations by Russia.
COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 5 million worldwide, with 106,000 new cases recorded over the past 24 hours, the highest single-day figure so far.
May 22
Flight PK8303, a Pakistan International Airlines passenger aircraft, crashes in a residential area near Karachi, in Pakistan, killing 97 of the 99 total people on board and injuring dozens on the ground.
COVID-19 pandemic: Brazil overtakes Russia to become the country with the second highest number of COVID-19 cases, with over 330,000 reported. President Jair Bolsonaro continues to dismiss the threat of the virus.
May 23 – COVID-19 pandemic: China reports no new cases for the first time since the pandemic began, according to the National Health Commission.
May 24
Mining corporation Rio Tinto admits to blowing up the 46,000-year-old Juukan Gorge caves in the Pilbara area of Western Australia. The firm later issues an apology to the two Aboriginal peoples who are the traditional owners of the site.
A “once in a decade” storm batters 3,000 kilometres (1,900 mi) of the coast of Western Australia.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi pardons 3,157 prisoners to celebrate Eid al-Fitr and, two days later, President of Zambia Edgar Lungu pardons nearly 3,000 inmates to commemorate Africa Freedom Day.
May 26
Protests caused by the killing of George Floyd break out across hundreds of cities in the U.S. and around the world. These are followed by further protests and rallies on June 6 against racism and police brutality around the world.
Costa Rica becomes the first Central American country to legalise same-sex marriage.
LATAM Airlines, the largest air carrier in Latin America, files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
May 27
The Chinese National People’s Congress votes in favour of national security legislation that criminalizes “secession”, “subversion”, “terrorism” and foreign interference in Hong Kong; the legislation grants sweeping powers to the Chinese central government to suppress the Hong Kong democracy movement, including banning activist groups and curtailing civil liberties. The U.S. government responds by declaring Hong Kong is “no longer autonomous” under the United States-Hong Kong Policy Act.
COVID-19 pandemic: The U.S. death toll passes 100,000 – more Americans than were killed in the Vietnam War and Korean War combined, and approaching that of the First World War, where 116,000 Americans died in combat. The total number of cases continues to rise, although the rate is slowing.
May 30 – The first crewed flight of the SpaceX Dragon 2 (initially scheduled for May 27 but delayed due to weather) is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, the first manned spacecraft to take off from U.S. soil since the retirement of the Space Shuttle in 2011.

=== June ===
June 1 – Kivu Ebola epidemic: The World Health Organization reports six new cases of Ebola, and UNICEF reports five deaths, in a renewed outbreak of the disease in Mbandaka, Équateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
June 2 – A US$5 billion class action lawsuit is filed against Alphabet Inc. and Google, alleging the company violates users’ right to privacy by tracking them in Chrome’s incognito mode.
June 3
Prime Minister Boris Johnson says the UK will change immigration laws to offer a pathway to UK citizenship for all Hong Kong citizens who are eligible for BN(O) status if the government of China imposes new security laws on the territory.
SpaceX successfully launches and deploys 60 Starlink satellites into a low Earth orbit from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, bringing the total number of Starlink satellites in orbit to 482.
Russian President Vladimir Putin declares a state of emergency after 20,000 tons of oil leaked into the Ambarnaya River near the Siberian city of Norilsk within the Arctic Circle on May 26, 2020. The World Wildlife Fund said the accident is believed to be the second-largest in modern Russian history.
June 4
Libya’s Government of National Accord (GNA) says they are in full control of the capital, Tripoli, after forces of the Libyan National Army (LNA) retreat from the territory following months of intense fighting in the city.
Hong Kong legislative council passed the controversial National Anthem Ordinance.
June 7 – COVID-19 pandemic: The global death toll from COVID-19 exceeds 400,000.
June 8 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 7 million worldwide.
June 9 – COVID-19 pandemic: A Harvard University study suggests that COVID-19 may have been spreading in China as early as August 2019, based on hospital car park usage and web search trends.
June 15
At least 20 Indian soldiers and over 40 Chinese forces are killed or injured in skirmishes in the disputed Galwan Valley, the largest escalation along the Sino-Indian border in five decades.
Turkish and Iranian forces commence air and artillery strikes against Kurdistan Workers’ Party forces in Iraqi Kurdistan. Turkey launches a land operation in the region on June 17.
June 16
COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 8 million worldwide.
North Korea demolishes the Inter-Korean Liaison Office in Kaesong, established in 2018 to improve relations.
June 21 – An annular solar eclipse occurs.
June 22 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 9 million worldwide.
June 23 – A 7.5-magnitude earthquake strikes the coast of Oaxaca, Mexico and kills at least four people. It is felt more than 640 kilometres (400 mi) away in Mexico City.
June 27 – Micheál Martin succeeds Leo Varadkar as Taoiseach of Ireland in a historic three-party coalition government.
June 28
COVID-19 pandemic:
The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 10 million worldwide. The U.S. continues to report the highest number of any country as it reaches 2.5 million, a quarter of all cases globally.
The global death toll from COVID-19 exceeds 500,000.
June 30 – China passes the controversial Hong Kong national security law, allowing China to crack down on opposition to Beijing at home or abroad.

=== July ===
July 1 – Russian voters back a constitutional amendment that, among other things, enables Vladimir Putin to seek two further six-year terms when his current term ends in 2024, potentially allowing him to remain in power until 2036.
July 7
Protests begin throughout Bulgaria with the goal of removing Borisov’s cabinet and Chief Prosecutor Ivan Geshev from office.
COVID-19 pandemic: Thousands of people rally outside the House of the National Assembly of Serbia in Belgrade in response to stricter lockdown measures proposed by President Aleksandar Vučić following an increase of cases in the city.
July 8 – At least 180 bodies are found in mass graves in Djibo, Burkina Faso, where soldiers are fighting jihadists. It is suspected that government forces were involved in mass extrajudicial executions.
July 10
The ECB accepts Bulgaria and Croatia into ERM II, a mandatory stage for countries wishing to adopt the euro. This is the currency union’s first major expansion in half a decade.
Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan orders the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul to be reverted to a mosque following a supreme court annulment of a 1934 presidential decree that made it into a museum.
July 12 – China reports 141 dead or missing in floods since June; 28,000 homes have been damaged.
July 15 – The Twitter accounts of prominent political figures, CEOs, and celebrities are hacked to promote a bitcoin scam.
July 19 – Flooding of the Brahmaputra River kills 189 and leaves 4 million homeless in India and Nepal.
July 21 – COVID-19 pandemic: European leaders agree to create a €750 billion (US$858 billion) recovery fund to rebuild EU economies impacted by the pandemic.
July 22 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 15 million worldwide.
July 25 – COVID-19 pandemic: North Korean leader Kim Jong-un convenes an emergency meeting, declares a state of emergency, and orders the lockdown of Kaesong after a person suspected of having COVID-19 returned from South Korea. If confirmed, it would be the first case to be officially acknowledged by North Korea.
28 July – Former Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak is found guilty of all seven charges in the first of five trials on the 1MDB scandal, being jailed 12 years and fined RM210 million as a result.
July 30 – NASA successfully launches its Mars 2020 rover mission to search for signs of ancient life and collect samples for return to Earth. The mission includes technology demonstrations to prepare for future human missions.

=== August ===
August 1 – The Barakah nuclear power plant in the UAE becomes operational following delays since 2017. It is the first commercial nuclear power station in the Arab world.
August 2 – COVID-19 pandemic: In rare talks, Emirati Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif hold a video call to discuss various regional issues, including combating COVID-19 in their respective countries.
August 4 – An explosion caused by unsafely stored ammonium nitrate kills over 220 people, injures thousands, and severely damages the port in Beirut, Lebanon. Damage is estimated at $10–15 billion, and an estimated 300,000 people are left homeless. The following day, the Lebanese government declares a two-week state of emergency.
August 5 – U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azar travels to Taiwan, the highest U.S. official visit to the country in 40 years. The PRC condemns the visit.
August 7 – Air India Express Flight 1344 crashes after overrunning the runway at Calicut International Airport in Kerala, India, killing 19 of the 191 people on board.
August 9 – A presidential election in Belarus which led to incumbent Alexander Lukashenko’s reelection sparks protests throughout the country after major opposition candidate Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya rejected the results. Seven days later, the largest political march in Belarusian history takes place, with an estimated 300,000 people in Minsk and 200,000 in other Belarusian cities and towns.
August 10 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 20 million worldwide.
August 11 – COVID-19 pandemic: Russian President Vladimir Putin announces that Russia has approved the world’s first COVID-19 vaccine.
August 13 – Israel and the UAE agree to normalise relations, marking the third Israel–Arab peace deal.
August 15 – The Japanese bulk carrier Wakashio, which stranded on a reef in Mauritius last month, breaks in half. Approximately 1,000 tonnes of oil are spilled into the ocean, becoming the largest environmental disaster in the history of Mauritius.
August 18 – A mutiny in a military base by soldiers of the Malian Armed Forces develops into a coup d’état. President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta and Prime Minister Boubou Cissé, among other senior governmental and military officers, are arrested. The next day, Keïta announces his resignation on state television.
August 19 – The Special Tribunal for Lebanon convicts in absentia Salim Ayyash, a senior member of Hezbollah, for the 2005 assassination of former Prime Minister Rafic Hariri.
August 22 – COVID-19 pandemic: The worldwide death toll from COVID-19 exceeds 800,000.
August 23 – Bayern Munich wins the 2019–20 UEFA Champions League by beating Paris Saint-Germain in the final.
August 25 – Africa is declared free of wild polio, the second virus to be eradicated from the continent since smallpox 40 years previously.
August 26 – Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos becomes the first person in history to have a net worth exceeding US$200 billion, according to Forbes.
August 27 – Hurricane Laura makes landfall in Lake Charles, Louisiana with winds of 150 mph, making it the strongest hurricane to ever strike the state in terms of windspeed, tied with the 1856 Last Island Hurricane.
August 28 – Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the longest-serving prime minister in the history of Japan, announces his resignation from office, citing ill health.
August 30 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 25 million worldwide. India continues to record the highest daily increase of cases.

=== September ===
September 3
Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and Abdelaziz al-Hilu, the leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM–N), sign an agreement to transition the country into a secular state. The agreement comes three days after the signing of a peace deal between Sudan’s transitional government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front, which the SPLM–N opted out of. Weeks later on October 3, the transitional government signed a peace deal with the main rebel groups, including the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North, which had refused to engage in previous talks.
The skeletons of 200 mammoths and 30 other animals are unearthed at a construction site for the Mexico City Santa Lucía Airport. It is the largest find of mammoth bones to date, surpassing The Mammoth Site in the U.S. which had 61 skeletons.
September 4
Pope Benedict XVI becomes the longest-lived pope at 93 years, four months, and 16 days, surpassing Pope Leo XIII, who died in 1903.
The La Línea highway tunnel, the longest road tunnel in South America at a length of 8.65 kilometres (5.37 mi), is opened in Colombia after 14 years of construction and several delays.
Kosovo and Serbia announce that they will normalize economic relations. The two countries will also move their Israeli embassies to Jerusalem, becoming the third and fourth countries to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.
Bahrain and Israel agree to normalise relations, marking the fourth Israel–Arab peace deal.
September 6 – Typhoon Haishen makes landfall on Japan and then South Korea as a strong category 2-equivalent typhoon. It later makes landfall on North Korea where widespread flooding occurs.
September 14
The Royal Astronomical Society announces the detection of phosphine in Venus’ atmosphere, which is known to be a strong predictor for the presence of microbial life.
The first discovery of the perfectly preserved remains of a cave bear, believed to be 22,000 to 39,500 years old (Late Pleistocene), is made in Lyakhovsky Islands, Siberia in the thawing permafrost.
September 16
A United Nations Human Rights Council fact-finding mission formally accuses the Venezuelan government of crimes against humanity, including cases of killings, torture, violence against political opposition and disappearances since 2014. President Nicolás Maduro and other senior Venezuelan officials are among those implicated in the charges.
Yoshihide Suga becomes the new Prime Minister of Japan, replacing Shinzo Abe.
September 17
France, Germany, and the United Kingdom issue a joint note verbale to the United Nations rejecting China’s claims to the South China Sea, and supporting the ruling in Philippines v. China that said the historic rights per the nine-dash line ran counter to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. However the statement says that on “territorial sovereignty” they “take no position”.
COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 30 million worldwide.
September 19 – A 1634 edition of The Two Noble Kinsmen, the last play by English playwright William Shakespeare, is discovered at the Royal Scots College’s library in Salamanca, Spain. It is believed to be the oldest copy of any of his works in the country.
September 20 – BuzzFeed News and the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) release the FinCEN Files, a collection of 2,657 documents relating to the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network describing over 200,000 suspicious transactions valued at over US$2 trillion that occurred from 1999 to 2017 across multiple global financial institutions.
September 21 – Microsoft agrees to buy video game holding company ZeniMax Media, including Bethesda Softworks and their following subsidiaries for US$7.5 billion, in what is the biggest and most expensive takeover in the history of the video game industry.
September 27 – Deadly clashes erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the Republic of Artsakh introduce martial law and mobilize forces.
September 29
COVID-19 pandemic: The worldwide death toll from COVID-19 exceeds one million.
The Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah al-Sabah dies at the age of 91. Crown Prince Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah is named his successor.

=== October ===
October 1 – The EU began legal proceedings against the UK after it ignored their deadline to drop controversial sections from its internal market Bill.
October 5 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 35 million worldwide. The news coincides with the World Health Organization estimating that total worldwide cases may be around 760 million – roughly a tenth of the global population.
October 10 – Armenia and Azerbaijan agree on a ceasefire in the ongoing Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
October 15:
2020 Thai protests: The Government of Thailand declares a “severe” state of emergency banning gatherings of five or more people, initiating a crackdown on demonstrations and imposing media censorship.
President of Kyrgyzstan Sooronbay Jeenbekov resigns from office after weeks of massive protests in the wake of the October 2020 parliamentary election; opposition leader Sadyr Japarov assumes office as both the acting President and Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan.
October 17 – 2020 New Zealand general election: Jacinda Ardern’s Labour Party wins a landslide second term in office, defeating the National Party led by Judith Collins and gaining the country’s first parliamentary majority since the introduction of the MMP voting system.
October 19 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 40 million worldwide.
October 20 – NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft briefly touches down on Bennu, becoming the agency’s first probe to retrieve samples from an asteroid, with its cargo due for return to Earth in 2023.
October 22 – The Geneva Consensus Declaration on Promoting Women’s Health and Strengthening the Family is signed by government representatives from 34 countries.
October 23
At the end of an 11-year demining process, the Falkland Islands are declared free of land mines, 38 years after the end of the 1982 war.
Israel and Sudan agree to normalise relations, marking the fifth Israel–Arab peace deal.
October 26 – NASA confirms the existence of molecular water on the sunlit side of the Moon, near Clavius crater, at concentrations of up to 412 parts per million.
October 29 – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) confirms the death of least 140 migrants who drowned off the coast of Senegal on a vessel bound for the Spanish Canary Islands. It is the deadliest shipwreck of 2020 so far.
October 30
2020 Aegean Sea earthquake: A magnitude 7.0 earthquake hits Turkey and Greece, killing 119 people and injuring over 1,000.
COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 45 million worldwide.
October 31 – Typhoon Goni makes landfall in the Philippines, becoming the strongest landfalling tropical cyclone in history, displacing hundreds of thousands of people and killing dozens of people in the region.

=== November ===
November 1
2020 Moldovan presidential election: Former Prime Minister and Minister of Education Maia Sandu is elected as the 6th President of Moldova, becoming the first woman to ever hold the post.
November 3 – November 7
2020 United States presidential election: Joe Biden is elected as the 46th President of the United States, after remaining vote counts (November 7) come in from key states delayed by an influx of mail-in ballots caused by the pandemic, defeating the incumbent President Donald Trump.
Hurricane Eta makes landfall in Nicaragua, killing over 100 people in Central America as a category 4.
November 4 – The United States formally exits the Paris Agreement on climate change.
November 8 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 50 million worldwide.
November 9
COVID-19 pandemic: The first successful phase III trial of a COVID-19 vaccine is announced by drug companies Pfizer and BioNTech, which is 90% effective according to interim results.
2020 Nagorno-Karabakh War: Armenia and Azerbaijan sign a Russia-brokered ceasefire agreement.
November 11 – COVID-19 pandemic: The Sputnik V vaccine is proven to be 92% effective against COVID-19 according to interim results.
November 12 – Hong Kong pro-democracy lawmakers resign en masse, in response to four lawmakers’ disqualification made by the government.
November 15
The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is signed by 15 Asia-Pacific countries to form the world’s largest free-trade bloc, covering a third of the world’s population.
NASA and SpaceX launch the SpaceX Crew-1 mission from Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39A to the ISS, the first operational flight of the Crew Dragon capsule.
November 16
COVID-19 pandemic: Moderna’s mRNA vaccine is proven to be 94.5% effective against COVID-19 based on interim results, including severe illnesses. The vaccine has been cited as being among those that are easier to distribute as no ultra-cold storage is required.
Hurricane Iota makes landfall in Nicaragua as a Category 4 hurricane just two weeks after Hurricane Eta made landfall, devastating the same areas.
November 17 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 55 million worldwide, with around a million cases recorded every two days on average.
November 18 – COVID-19 pandemic: Pfizer and BioNTech complete trials on their COVID-19 vaccine, with an overall effectiveness rate of 95% without adverse events.
November 19
The Brereton Report into Australian war crimes during the War in Afghanistan is released.
Shuggie Bain by Douglas Stuart wins the 2020 Booker Prize.
November 22 – The United States withdraws from the Treaty on Open Skies.
November 23 – COVID-19 pandemic: AstraZeneca’s AZD1222 vaccine, developed in collaboration with Oxford University, is shown to be 70% effective in protecting against COVID-19. The efficacy can be raised to 90% if an initial half dose is followed by a full dose a month later, based on interim data.
November 25 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 60 million worldwide.
November 27 – Iran’s top nuclear scientist, Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, is assassinated near Tehran.
November 28 – Koshobe massacre: Boko Haram jihadists attack a farm in Jere, Nigeria, killing at least 43 people.
November 30
A penumbral lunar eclipse occurs; the last of four lunar eclipses in 2020.
Protein folding, one of the biggest mysteries in biology, is solved by AlphaFold, an artificial intelligence algorithm developed by DeepMind.
COVID-19 pandemic: Moderna files an application for Emergency Use Authorization in the United States after its vaccine achieved an efficacy of 94.1% from full trials without safety concerns. It also plans to do the same in EU soon.

=== December ===
December 1
COVID-19 pandemic: Pfizer and BioNTech announced an Emergency Use Authorization application to the European Medicines Agency.
The Arecibo Telescope of the Arecibo Observatory collapses, just weeks after the announcement of its planned demolition.
December 2
COVID-19 pandemic: The United Kingdom approves Pfizer-BioNTech’s BNT162b2 vaccine, being the first country in the world to do so.
Three activists in Hong Kong were jailed for their roles in the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests, with Joshua Wong getting the heaviest at 13.5 months.
December 3 – The UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs votes to remove cannabis from a list of dangerous drugs in recognition of its medical value, although some controls will remain.
December 4
COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 65 million worldwide, with the global death toll exceeding 1.5 million. Figures reflect that, in the last week, over 10,000 people worldwide have died on average every day, with one death every nine seconds. According to the World Health Organization, COVID-19 had caused more deaths in 2020 than tuberculosis in 2019, as well as four times the number of deaths than malaria.
Somali Civil War: The United States announces its withdrawal from the conflict over the next month.
December 5 – COVID-19 pandemic: Russia begins mass vaccination against COVID-19 with the Sputnik V candidate.
December 6 – The 2020 Venezuelan parliamentary election takes place.
December 8
COVID-19 pandemic: The United Kingdom becomes the first nation to begin a mass inoculation campaign using a clinically authorised, fully tested vaccine, Tozinameran.
Nepal and China officially agree on Mount Everest’s actual height, which is 8,848.86m.
December 10
COVID-19 pandemic: The United States and Saudi Arabia approve tozinameran for emergency use, while Argentina approves Sputnik V.
Western Sahara conflict, Arab–Israeli conflict: Israel and Morocco normalise diplomatic relations. Simultaneously, the United States reaffirms its previous recognition of Moroccan sovereignty over the Western Sahara and announces plans to build a consulate there.
France: End of Nicolas Sarkozy corruption trial.
December 11 – The European Union agrees to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% over the next decade.
December 12
COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 70 million worldwide.
Bhutan and Israel normalise diplomatic relations.
December 14
COVID-19 pandemic: The United States and Canada begin mass vaccination with Tozinameran. In addition, Singapore approves Pfizer-BioNTech’s Tozinameran vaccine, with other companies to provide vaccines progressively.
Sudan–United States relations: The United States removes Sudan from its list of state sponsors of terrorism.
Turkey–United States relations: The United States places sanctions on Turkey in retaliation for their purchase of a S-400 missile system from Russia, making the first time they have sanctioned a NATO ally.
A total solar eclipse is visible from parts of the South Pacific Ocean, southern South America, and the South Atlantic Ocean.
December 15 – The International Criminal Court accuses the Philippines of crimes against humanity in its war on drugs.
December 16 – The United States formally designates Switzerland and Vietnam as being currency manipulators.
December 18
COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 75 million worldwide.
COVID-19 pandemic: The United States approves Moderna’s vaccine for emergency use, the second brand available there.
December 20 – COVID-19 pandemic: A highly infectious new strain of SARS-CoV-2 spreading in Europe and Australia provokes international border closures.
December 21
COVID-19 pandemic: 36 cases are reported on the Base General Bernardo O’Higgins Riquelme in the Chilean Antarctic Territory, marking the first infections in Antarctica, the last continent to report infections.
A great conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn occurs, with the two planets separated in the sky by 0.1 degrees. This is the closest conjunction between the two planets since 1623.
December 23 – COVID-19 pandemic: Canada approves Moderna’s vaccine, the second country to do so.
December 24
The United Kingdom and the European Union agree to a comprehensive free trade agreement prior to the end of the transition period.
COVID-19 pandemic: Sinovac’s vaccine reached a rate of 91.25% efficacy in trials in Turkey.
December 27 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 80 million worldwide.
December 29 – The 2020 Petrinja earthquake with a magnitude of 6.4 strikes Croatia, killing seven and injuring more than 20.
December 30 – COVID-19 pandemic: The United Kingdom approves AstraZeneca-Oxford’s vaccine, the second one available. The vaccine is easier to store as it only requires normal fridge temperatures, making distribution easier.
December 31 – The transition period following the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020 expires.

== Births ==
May 10 – Prince Charles of Luxembourg

== Deaths ==

=== January ===

January 1 – David Stern, American businessman and NBA commissioner (b. 1942)
January 2 – John Baldessari, American conceptual artist (b. 1931)
January 3
Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, Iraqi-Iranian military commander (b. 1954)
Qasem Soleimani, Iranian general (b. 1957)
January 5
Anri Jergenia, 4th Prime Minister of Abkhazia (b. 1941)
Hans Tilkowski, German football goalkeeper and manager (b. 1935)
January 6 – Luís Morais, Brazilian football player (b. 1930)
January 7
Silvio Horta, American screenwriter and television producer (b. 1974)
Neil Peart, Canadian drummer and lyricist (b. 1952)
Elizabeth Wurtzel, American writer and journalist (b. 1967)
January 8
Edd Byrnes, American actor (b. 1932)
Buck Henry, American actor, screenwriter and television producer (b. 1930)
Infanta Pilar de Borbón, Spanish royal (b. 1936)
January 9 – Mike Resnick, American science fiction author (b. 1942)
January 10
Neda Arnerić, Serbian film actress (b. 1953)
Marino Bollini, former Captain Regent of San Marino (b. 1933)
Guido Messina, Italian racing cyclist (b. 1931)
Qaboos bin Said, Sultan of Oman (b. 1940)
January 12 – Roger Scruton, British philosopher and writer (b. 1944)
January 15
Rocky Johnson, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1944)
Christopher Tolkien, British academic and editor (b. 1924)
January 16 – Efraín Sánchez, Colombian footballer and manager (b. 1926)
January 19
Jimmy Heath, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1926)
Shin Kyuk-ho, South Korean businessman (b. 1921)
January 21
Hédi Baccouche, 6th Prime Minister of Tunisia (b. 1930)
Terry Jones, Welsh actor and comedian (b. 1942)
Tengiz Sigua, 2nd Prime Minister of Georgia (b. 1934)
January 23
Frederick Ballantyne, 7th Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (b. 1936)
Gudrun Pausewang, German writer (b. 1928)
January 24 – Rob Rensenbrink, Dutch footballer (b. 1947)
January 26
Kobe Bryant, American professional basketball player (b. 1978)
Louis Nirenberg, Canadian-American mathematician (b. 1925)
January 31
Mary Higgins Clark, American novelist (b. 1927)
Janez Stanovnik, 12th President of SR of Slovenia (b. 1922)

=== February ===

February 1 – Andy Gill, English musician (b. 1956)
February 2 – Mike Moore, 34th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1949)
February 3 – George Steiner, French-American literary critic and essayist (b. 1929)
February 4
José Luis Cuerda, Spanish filmmaker, screenwriter and producer (b. 1947)
Daniel arap Moi, 2nd President of Kenya (b. 1924)
February 5
Stanley Cohen, American Nobel biochemist (b. 1922)
Kirk Douglas, American actor, director and producer (b. 1916)
February 6 – Jhon Jairo Velásquez, Colombian hitman and drug dealer (b. 1962)
February 7
Orson Bean, American actor, comedian and producer (b. 1928)
Li Wenliang, Chinese ophthalmologist (b. 1986)
Nexhmije Pagarusha, Albanian singer and actress (b. 1933)
February 8 – Robert Conrad, American actor (b. 1935)
February 9 – Mirella Freni, Italian soprano (b. 1935)
February 11 – Joseph Shabalala, South African musician (b. 1940)
February 12 – Geert Hofstede, Dutch social psychologist (b. 1928)
February 13 – Rajendra K. Pachauri, Indian scientist (b. 1940)
February 14 – Lynn Cohen, American actress (b. 1933)
February 16
Zoe Caldwell, Australian actress (b. 1933)
Larry Tesler, American computer scientist (b. 1945)
February 17
Mário da Graça Machungo, 1st Prime Minister of Mozambique (b. 1940)
Kizito Mihigo, Rwandan gospel singer, organist and peace activist (b. 1981)
February 18
José Bonaparte, Argentine paleontologist (b. 1928)
Sonja Ziemann, German actress (b. 1926)
February 22 – Kiki Dimoula, Greek poet (b. 1931)
February 24
Clive Cussler, American author (b. 1931)
Katherine Johnson, American mathematician (b. 1918)
Diana Serra Cary, American child actress (b. 1918)
February 25
Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher (b. 1919)
Hosni Mubarak, 41st Prime Minister and 4th President of Egypt (b. 1928)
Dmitry Yazov, Soviet and Russian marshal (b. 1924)
February 26 – Nexhmije Hoxha, Albanian politician (b. 1921)
February 28 – Freeman Dyson, British-born American physicist and mathematician (b. 1923)
February 29 – Éva Székely, Hungarian swimmer, Olympic champion (b. 1927)

=== March ===

March 1
Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan poet and priest (b. 1925)
Jack Welch, American business executive and writer (b. 1935)
March 2 – James Lipton, American writer, lyricist and actor (b. 1926)
March 3 – Stanisław Kania, Polish head of state, First Secretary of the Polish United Workers’ Party (b. 1927)
March 4
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, 137th Prime Minister of Peru and 5th United Nations Secretary-General (b. 1920)
Robert Shavlakadze, Georgian high jumper (b. 1933)
March 6
Henri Richard, Canadian Hall of Fame ice hockey player (b. 1936)
McCoy Tyner, American jazz pianist (b. 1938)
March 8 – Max von Sydow, Swedish-French actor (b. 1929)
March 11
Charles Wuorinen, American composer (b. 1938)
Michel Roux, French chef and restaurateur (b. 1941)
March 12 – Tonie Marshall, French-American actress, screenwriter, and film director (b. 1951)
March 13 – Dana Zátopková, Czech javelin thrower (b. 1922)
March 14 – Genesis P-Orridge, English singer-songwriter, musician, poet, and occultist (b. 1950)
March 16 – Stuart Whitman, American actor (b. 1928)
March 17
Eduard Limonov, Russian writer, poet, publicist, and political dissident (b. 1943)
Roger Mayweather, American professional boxer and trainer (b. 1961)
Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo, Acting President of Guinea-Bissau (b. 1958)
Betty Williams, Northern Ireland Nobel peace activist (b. 1943)
March 18
Catherine Hamlin, Australian obstetrician and gynaecologist (b. 1924)
Alfred Worden, American astronaut (b. 1932)
March 20
Amadeo Carrizo, Argentine footballer (b. 1926)
Kenny Rogers, American country singer and songwriter (b. 1938)
March 21 – Lorenzo Sanz, Spanish sports executive (b. 1943)
March 23 – Lucia Bosè, Italian actress and beauty pageant winner (b. 1931)
March 24
Manu Dibango, Cameroonian saxophonist (b. 1933)
Stuart Gordon, American film director (b. 1947)
Terrence McNally, American playwright (b. 1938)
Albert Uderzo, French comic book artist (b. 1927)
March 26
Princess María Teresa of Bourbon-Parma, Spanish-French royal (b. 1933)
Michel Hidalgo, French footballer and manager (b. 1933)
March 27 – Hamed Karoui, 7th Prime Minister of Tunisia (b. 1927)
March 29
Philip W. Anderson, American Nobel physicist (b. 1923)
Yuri Bondarev, Soviet and Russian writer and screenwriter (b. 1924)
Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer and conductor (b. 1933)
March 30
Manolis Glezos, Greek politician and resistance fighter (b. 1922)
Hau Pei-tsun, 13th Premier of the Republic of China (b. 1919)
Bill Withers, American singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
Joachim Yhombi-Opango, 4th President and 12th Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo (b. 1939)
March 31 – Abdul Halim Khaddam, Acting President of Syria (b. 1932)

=== April ===

April 1
Nur Hassan Hussein, 12th Prime Minister of Somalia (b. 1937)
Ellis Marsalis Jr., American jazz pianist (b. 1934)
Adam Schlesinger, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1967)
April 2 – William Frankland, British immunologist (b. 1912)
April 4 – Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero, 31st President of Honduras (b. 1943)
April 5
Honor Blackman, English actress (b. 1925)
Margaret Burbidge, English-born American astrophysicist (b. 1919)
Shirley Douglas, Canadian actress and civil rights activist (b. 1934)
Mahmoud Jibril, former Prime Minister of Libya (b. 1952)
Pentti Linkola, Finnish deep ecologist and writer (b. 1932)
April 6 – James Drury, American actor (b. 1934)
April 7 – John Prine, American singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
April 8 – Valeriu Muravschi, 1st Prime Minister of Moldova (b. 1949)
April 10
Enrique Múgica, Spanish politician (b. 1932)
Nobuhiko Obayashi, Japanese filmmaker (b. 1938)
April 11
John Horton Conway, English mathematician (b. 1937)
Edem Kodjo, 3rd Prime Minister of Togo (b. 1938)
April 12
Stirling Moss, English F1 driver (b. 1929)
Chung Won-shik, 21st Prime Minister of South Korea (b. 1928)
Tim Brooke-Taylor, English comic performer (b. 1940)
April 13
Ryo Kawasaki, Japanese jazz fusion guitarist and composer (b. 1947)
Landelino Lavilla, Spanish politician (b. 1934)
April 15
Brian Dennehy, American actor (b. 1938)
Lee Konitz, American jazz composer and alto saxophonist (b. 1927)
April 16
Gene Deitch, American-Czech animator and film director (b. 1924)
Luis Sepúlveda, Chilean writer (b. 1949)
April 17 – Norman Hunter, English international footballer (b. 1943)
April 21
Abdurrahim El-Keib, Acting Prime Minister of Libya (b. 1950)
Laisenia Qarase, 6th Prime Minister of Fiji (b. 1941)
Florian Schneider, German electronic musician (b. 1947)
April 22
Hartwig Gauder, German Olympic champion (b. 1954)
Shirley Knight, American actress (b. 1936)
April 25 – Per Olov Enquist, Swedish author (b. 1934)
April 27 – Dragutin Zelenović, 1st Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1928)
April 28 – Robert May, Baron May of Oxford, Australian scientist (b. 1936)
April 29
Trevor Cherry, English footballer (b. 1948)
Denis Goldberg, South African social campaigner (b. 1933)
Yahya Hassan, Danish poet and political activist (b. 1995)
Irrfan Khan, Indian actor (b. 1967)
Jānis Lūsis, Latvian Olympic champion (b. 1939)
Giacomo dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto, 80th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (b. 1944)
Maj Sjöwall, Swedish writer (b. 1935)
April 30
Tony Allen, Nigerian drummer, composer, and songwriter (b. 1940)
Rishi Kapoor, Indian actor (b. 1952)

=== May ===

May 1 – Tun Tin, 6th Prime Minister of Burma (b. 1920)
May 2 – Idir, Algerian singer (b. 1949)
May 5
Didi Kempot, Indonesian prominent singer-songwriter of campursari genre (b. 1966)
Millie Small, Jamaican singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
May 8 – Roy Horn, German-American magician (b. 1944)
May 9 – Little Richard, American musician (b. 1932)
May 10 – Betty Wright, American soul singer (b. 1953)
May 11 – Jerry Stiller, American comedian (b. 1927)
May 12
Sisavath Keobounphanh, 13th Prime Minister of Laos (b. 1928)
Astrid Kirchherr, German photographer and artist (b. 1938)
Michel Piccoli, French actor, producer and film director (b. 1925)
May 13
Rolf Hochhuth, German author and playwright (b. 1931)
Chedli Klibi, 4th Secretary General of the Arab League (b. 1925)
May 15
Lynn Shelton, American filmmaker (b. 1965)
Fred Willard, American actor and comedian (b. 1933)
May 17 – José Cutileiro, 8th Secretary General of the Western Europe Union (b. 1934)
May 19 – Ravi Zacharias, Indian-born Canadian-American Christian apologist (b. 1946)
May 20
Adolfo Nicolás, Spanish priest (b. 1936)
Gianfranco Terenzi, former Captain Regent of San Marino (b. 1941)
May 21 – Oliver E. Williamson, American Nobel economist (b. 1932)
May 22
Ashley Cooper, Australian tennis player (b. 1936)
Mory Kanté, Guinean singer and musician (b. 1950)
Luigi Simoni, Italian football player and manager (b. 1939)
Jerry Sloan, American basketball player and head coach (b. 1942)
May 24 – Jimmy Cobb, American jazz drummer (b. 1929)
May 25
Hyun Soong-jong, 22nd Prime Minister of South Korea (b. 1919)
Balbir Singh Sr., Indian field hockey player and manager (b. 1923)
Vadão, Brazilian football manager (b. 1956)
May 26 – Stanley Ho, Hong Kong-Macau business magnate, investor and philanthropist (b. 1921)
May 27 – Larry Kramer, American author and LGBT rights activist (b. 1935)
May 29 – Abderrahmane Youssoufi, 12th Prime Minister of Morocco (b. 1924)
May 30
Yawovi Agboyibo, 8th Prime Minister of Togo (b. 1943)
Bobby Morrow, American athlete (b. 1935)
May 31 – Christo, Bulgarian-American artist (b. 1935)

=== June ===

June 2
Mary Pat Gleason, American actress (b. 1950)
Carlo Ubbiali, Italian motorcycle road racer (b. 1929)
Wes Unseld, American basketball player and coach (b. 1946)
June 4 – Pete Rademacher, American Olympic heavyweight boxing champion (b. 1928)
June 5 – Boris Gaganelov, Bulgarian footballer and manager (b. 1941)
June 8
Tony Dunne, Irish footballer (b. 1941)
Pierre Nkurunziza, 8th President of Burundi (b. 1964)
June 9
Pau Donés, Spanish singer songwriter and guitarist (b. 1966)
Ödön Földessy, Hungarian long jumper (b. 1929)
June 11
Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet, 10th Prime Minister of Gabon (b. 1961)
Dennis O’Neil, American comic book writer (b. 1939)
Rosa Maria Sardà, Spanish actress (b. 1941)
June 13 – Jean Raspail, French author and explorer (b. 1925)
June 14
Aarón Padilla Gutiérrez, Mexican footballer (b. 1942)
Sushant Singh Rajput, Indian actor (b. 1986)
Keith Tippett, British pianist and composer (b. 1947)
June 16 – Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan politician and guerrilla (b. 1937)
June 17
Marlene Ahrens, Chilean athlete (b. 1933)
György Kárpáti, Hungarian water polo player (b. 1935)
June 18
Tibor Benedek, Hungarian water polo player (b. 1972)
Vera Lynn, English singer (b. 1917)
Jules Sedney, 5th Prime Minister of Suriname (b. 1922)
June 19
Ian Holm, English actor (b. 1931)
Carlos Ruiz Zafón, Spanish novelist (b. 1964)
June 20 – Ema Derossi-Bjelajac, 6th President of the Presidency of the SR of Croatia (b. 1926)
June 21
Ahmed Radhi, Iraqi footballer and manager (b. 1964)
Zeev Sternhell, Polish-born Israeli historian and political scientist (b. 1935)
June 22 – Joel Schumacher, American film director (b. 1939)
June 26
Kelly Asbury, American film director and animator (b. 1960)
Milton Glaser, American graphic designer (b. 1929)
June 27
Belaid Abdessalam, 7th Prime Minister of Algeria (b. 1928)
Linda Cristal, Argentine actress (b. 1931)
Freddy Cole, American jazz singer and pianist (b. 1931)
Ilija Petković, Serbian footballer and manager (b. 1945)
June 29
Johnny Mandel, American composer (b. 1925)
Carl Reiner, American actor, film director and comedian (b. 1922)
June 30 – Ida Haendel, Polish-born English violinist (b. 1928)

=== July ===

July 1
Emmanuel Rakotovahiny, 15th Prime Minister of Madagascar (b. 1938)
Everton Weekes, Barbadian cricketer (b. 1925)
July 3
Earl Cameron, Bermudian-born British actor (b. 1917)
Saroj Khan, Indian choreographer (b. 1948)
July 5
Willi Holdorf, German athlete and Olympic champion (b. 1940)
Volodymyr Troshkin, Soviet and Ukrainian footballer (b. 1947)
July 6
Charlie Daniels, American country singer-songwriter and musician (b. 1936)
Ennio Morricone, Italian composer, orchestrator and conductor (b. 1928)
July 8
Amadou Gon Coulibaly, 10th Prime Minister of Ivory Coast (b. 1959)
Finn Christian Jagge, Norwegian alpine skier and Olympic champion (b. 1966)
Alex Pullin, Australian Olympic snowboarder (b. 1987)
Naya Rivera, American actress, model and singer (b. 1987)
July 9
Miloš Jakeš, 5th General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (b. 1922)
Park Won-soon, South Korean politician (b. 1956)
July 10
Jack Charlton, English footballer and manager (b. 1935)
Paik Sun-yup, South Korean military officer (b. 1920)
Lara van Ruijven, Dutch short track speed skater (b. 1992)
July 12
Hassan Abshir Farah, 9th Prime Minister of Somalia (b. 1945)
Kelly Preston, American actress and model (b. 1962)
Wim Suurbier, Dutch footballer (b. 1945)
Lajos Szűcs, Hungarian footballer (b. 1943)
July 13
Grant Imahara, American electrical engineer, roboticist, and television host (b. 1970)
Hasan al-Lawzi, Acting Prime Minister of Yemen (b. 1952)
July 15 – Toke Talagi, 5th Premier of Niue (b. 1951)
July 17
Zenon Grocholewski, Polish Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1939)
Zizi Jeanmaire, French ballet dancer (b. 1924)
John Lewis, American civil rights leader and politician (b. 1940)
Silvio Marzolini, Argentine footballer (b. 1940)
Ron Tauranac, British-Australian engineer and racing car designer (b. 1925)
July 18
Juan Marsé, Spanish novelist, journalist and screenwriter (b. 1933)
Haruma Miura, Japanese actor (b. 1990)
July 19
Sapardi Djoko Damono, Indonesian poet and literary figure (b. 1940)
Seydou Diarra, 4th Prime Minister of Ivory Coast (b. 1933)
Nikolai Tanayev, 8th Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan (b. 1945)
July 21
Francisco Rodríguez Adrados, Spanish philologist (b. 1922)
Annie Ross, Scottish-American singer and actress (b. 1930)
July 23 – Jean Brankart, Belgian racing cyclist (b. 1930)
July 24
Ben Jipcho, Kenyan athlete, Olympic silver medallist (b. 1943)
Benjamin Mkapa, 3rd President of Tanzania (b. 1938)
Regis Philbin, American talk show host (b. 1931)
July 25
Peter Green, English blues rock singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
John Saxon, American actor (b. 1936)
July 26 – Olivia de Havilland, British-American actress (b. 1916)
July 27 – Owen Arthur, 5th Prime Minister of Barbados (b. 1949)
July 28
Bent Fabric, Danish pianist and composer (b. 1924)
Gisèle Halimi, Tunisian-French lawyer and feminist (b. 1927)
July 30 – Lee Teng-hui, 13th President of the Republic of China (b. 1923)
July 31
Alan Parker, English filmmaker (b. 1944)
Stephen Tataw, Cameroonian footballer (b. 1963)

=== August ===

August 1 – Wilford Brimley, American actor and singer (b. 1934)
August 2
Leon Fleisher, American pianist (b. 1928)
Zhaksylyk Ushkempirov, Kazakh Olympic wrestling champion (b. 1951)
August 3
Ernesto Brambilla, Grand Prix motorcycle road racer (b. 1934)
Shirley Ann Grau, American writer (b. 1929)
John Hume, Northern Irish Nobel Peace laureate politician (b. 1937)
August 4 – Frances Allen, American computer scientist (b. 1932)
August 6 – Bernard Stiegler, French philosopher (b. 1952)
August 7
Lê Khả Phiêu, 10th General-Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (b. 1931)
Adin Steinsaltz, Israeli rabbi and philosopher (b. 1937)
August 8 – Pedro Casaldáliga, Spanish-Brazilian prelate and human rights activist (b. 1928)
August 9
Martin Birch, British music producer and engineer (b. 1948)
Franca Valeri, Italian actress and playwright (b. 1920)
August 10 – Vladica Popović, Serbian footballer and manager (b. 1935)
August 11
Trini Lopez, American singer and actor (b. 1937)
Russell Kirsch, American computer scientist (b. 1929)
August 14
Julian Bream, English classical guitarist and lutenist (b. 1933)
Ewa Demarczyk, Polish singer and poet (b. 1941)
August 17 – Mário de Araújo Cabral, Portuguese Formula One driver (b. 1934)
August 18
Ben Cross, English actor (b. 1947)
Dale Hawerchuk, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1963)
Cesare Romiti, Italian manager and businessman (b. 1923)
August 19 – Borys Paton, Soviet and Ukrainian scientist (b. 1918)
August 20 – Branko Kostić, Acting President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia (b. 1939)
August 21 – Ken Robinson, English educationalist and author (b. 1950)
August 24 – Pascal Lissouba, 6th President and 2nd Prime Minister of the Republic of Congo (b. 1931)
August 26 – Gerald Carr, American astronaut and aeronautical engineer (b. 1932)
August 28 – Chadwick Boseman, American actor (b. 1976)
August 31
Nina Bocharova, Soviet and Ukrainian Olympic gymnast (b. 1924)
Pranab Mukherjee, 13th President of India (b. 1935)
Tom Seaver, American baseball player (b. 1944)

=== September ===

September 1
Vladislav Krapivin, Soviet and Russian children’s literature writer (b. 1938)
Erick Morillo, Colombian-American DJ and music producer (b. 1971)
September 2
David Graeber, American anthropologist and anarchist author (b. 1961)
Kang Kek Iew, Cambodian prison commander and war criminal (b. 1942)
Adrianus Johannes Simonis, Dutch cardinal (b. 1931)
September 4
Annie Cordy, Belgian actress and singer (b. 1928)
Joe Williams, 5th Prime Minister of the Cook Islands (b. 1934)
September 5 – Jiří Menzel, Czech film director, actor and screenwriter (b. 1938)
September 6
Vaughan Jones, New Zealand mathematician (b. 1952)
Dragoljub Ojdanić, Serbian military officer and war criminal (b. 1941)
September 7 – Abdul Qadir Bajamal, 5th Prime Minister of Yemen (b. 1946)
September 8
Ronald Harwood, South African-born English screenwriter (b. 1934)
Alfred Riedl, Austrian football player and manager (b. 1949)
September 9 – Shere Hite, American-born German feminist and sex educator (b. 1942)
September 10 – Diana Rigg, English actress (b. 1938)
September 11 – Toots Hibbert, Jamaican singer and songwriter (b. 1942)
September 15
Momčilo Krajišnik, Bosnian Serb political leader and war criminal (b. 1945)
Moussa Traoré, 2nd President of Mali (b. 1936)
September 16 – Winston Groom, American novelist (b. 1943)
September 17 – Terry Goodkind, American novelist (b. 1948)
September 18 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg, American jurist, and gender equality pioneer (b. 1933)
September 19
John Turner, 17th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1929)
Lee Kerslake, English rock musician (b. 1947)
September 20 – Michael Chapman, American cinematographer and film director (b. 1935)
September 21
Arthur Ashkin, American Nobel physicist (b. 1922)
Tommy DeVito, American musician and singer (b. 1928)
Michael Lonsdale, French actor (b. 1931)
September 22
Alphonso Dennie, Vincentian educator (b. 1928)
Agne Simonsson, Swedish footballer and manager (b. 1935)
September 23
Juliette Gréco, French singer and actress (b. 1927)
Gale Sayers, American gridiron football player (b. 1943)
September 24
Dean Jones, Australian cricketer (b. 1961)
Corine Rottschäfer, Dutch model and beauty contestant (b. 1938)
September 25
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Indian playback singer (b. 1946)
Goran Paskaljević, Serbian film director (b. 1947)
September 27
John D. Barrow, English cosmologist, theoretical physicist and mathematician (b. 1952)
Yūko Takeuchi, Japanese actress (b. 1980)
September 29
Mac Davis, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1942)
Helen Reddy, Australian singer and actress (b. 1941)
Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1929)
September 30
Ali Bozer, Acting Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1925)
Quino, Argentine cartoonist (b. 1932)

=== October ===

October 2 – Bob Gibson, American baseball player (b. 1935)
October 4 – Kenzō Takada, Japanese-born French fashion designer (b. 1939)
October 6
Johnny Nash, American singer-songwriter (b. 1940)
Eddie Van Halen, Dutch-American musician and songwriter (b. 1955)
October 7 – Mario J. Molina, Mexican Nobel chemist (b. 1943)
October 8
Whitey Ford, American baseball player (b. 1928)
Ali Khalif Galaydh, 8th Prime Minister of Somalia (b. 1941)
Charles Moore, American athlete and Olympic champion (b. 1929)
Mohammad-Reza Shajarian, Iranian classical singer (b. 1940)
October 12 – Litokwa Tomeing, 4th President of the Marshall Islands (b. 1939)
October 14
Rhonda Fleming, American actress (b. 1923)
Kuniwo Nakamura, 6th President of Palau (b. 1943)
October 18 – René Felber, 81st President of the Swiss Confederation (b. 1933)
October 19 – Spencer Davis, Welsh musician (b. 1939)
October 20
Bruno Martini, French footballer (b. 1962)
James Randi, Canadian-American magician and skeptic (b. 1928)
Irina Skobtseva, Soviet and Russian actress (b. 1927)
October 21 – Marge Champion, American actress and dancer (b. 1919)
October 25
Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, 6th Vice President of Iraq (b. 1942)
Diane di Prima, American poet, playwright and activist (b. 1934)
Lee Kun-hee, South Korean electronics executive (b. 1942)
October 28 – Anthony Soter Fernandez, Malaysian Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1932)
October 29 – Angelika Amon, Austrian-American molecular and cell biologist (b. 1967)
October 30
Robert Fisk, English writer and journalist (b. 1946)
Nobby Stiles, English footballer and manager (b. 1942)
Mesut Yılmaz, 21st Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1947)
October 31
Sean Connery, Scottish actor (b. 1930)
MF Doom, British-American rapper (b. 1971)

=== November ===

November 2
Ahmed Laraki, 6th Prime Minister of Morocco (b. 1931)
Gigi Proietti, Italian actor and comedian (b. 1940)
November 4 – Ken Hensley, English singer and songwriter (b. 1945)
November 6
Jim Marurai, 8th Prime Minister of the Cook Islands (b. 1947)
Fernando Solanas, Argentine film director and politician (b. 1936)
November 7 – Jonathan Sacks, former Chief Rabbi and author (b. 1948)
November 8 – Alex Trebek, Canadian-American game show host (b. 1940)
November 9 – Tom Heinsohn, American basketball player and coach (b. 1934)
November 10
Saeb Erekat, Palestinian diplomat (b. 1955)
Amadou Toumani Touré, 3rd President of Mali (b. 1948)
November 11
Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, 1st Prime Minister of Bahrain (b. 1935)
Jorge Llopart, Spanish athlete (b. 1952)
November 12
Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese Nobel physicist (b. 1926)
Jerry Rawlings, President of Ghana (b. 1947)
November 13 – Peter Sutcliffe, English serial killer (b. 1946)
November 14
Armen Dzhigarkhanyan, Soviet, Armenian and Russian actor (b. 1935)
Peter Florjančič, Slovene inventor and athlete (b. 1919)
Hasan Muratović, 4th Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina (b. 1940)
Des O’Connor, English television presenter, comedian and singer (b. 1932)
November 15
Soumitra Chatterjee, Indian actor (b. 1935)
Ray Clemence, English football goalkeeper (b. 1948)
Raúl Eduardo Vela Chiriboga, Ecuadorian cardinal (b. 1934)
November 16
Henryk Gulbinowicz, Polish cardinal (b. 1923)
Walid Muallem, Syrian diplomat (b. 1941)
Bruce Swedien, American audio engineer and record producer (b. 1934)
November 18 – Umar Ghalib, 7th Prime Minister of Somalia (b. 1930)
November 20 – Irinej, Serbian Patriarch (b. 1930)
November 22
Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi, 7th President of Mauritania (b. 1938)
Mustafa Nadarević, Bosnian-Croatian actor (b. 1943)
November 23 – Anele Ngcongca, South African footballer (b. 1987)
November 24 – Mamadou Tandja, 7th President of Niger (b. 1938)
November 25
Diego Maradona, Argentine footballer (b. 1960)
James Wolfensohn, 9th President of the World Bank Group (b. 1933)
November 26
Sadiq al-Mahdi, 7th Prime Minister of Sudan (b. 1935)
Tevita Momoedonu, 5th Prime Minister of Fiji (b. 1946)
Daria Nicolodi, Italian actress and screenwriter (b. 1950)
November 27 – Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, Iranian nuclear physicist and academic (b. 1958)
November 28 – David Prowse, English bodybuilder and actor (b. 1935)
November 29 – Papa Bouba Diop, Senegalese footballer (b. 1978)

=== December ===

December 1
Eduardo Lourenço, Portuguese philosopher and writer (b. 1923)
Arnie Robinson, American athlete (b. 1948)
December 2
Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, 20th President of France (b. 1926)
Zafarullah Khan Jamali, 15th Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1944)
Rafer Johnson, American decathlete and actor (b. 1934)
December 5 – Viktor Ponedelnik, Soviet and Russian footballer and manager (b. 1937)
December 6 – Tabaré Vázquez, 39th and 41st President of Uruguay (b. 1940)
December 7 – Chuck Yeager, American Air Force officer and test pilot (b. 1923)
December 8 – Alejandro Sabella, Argentine football player and manager (b. 1954)
December 9
Vyacheslav Kebich, 1st Prime Minister of Belarus (b. 1936)
Paolo Rossi, Italian footballer (b. 1956)
December 10
Tommy Lister Jr., American actor and professional wrestler (b. 1958)
Barbara Windsor, English actress (b. 1937)
December 11
Kim Ki-duk, South Korean director and screenwriter (b. 1960)
James Flynn, New Zealand intelligence researcher (b. 1934)
December 12
John le Carré, English author (b. 1931)
Charley Pride, American singer, musician and guitarist (b. 1934)
Fikre Selassie Wogderess, 9th Prime Minister of Ethiopia (b. 1945)
Jack Steinberger, German-born American Nobel physicist (b. 1921)
December 13 – Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini, 10th Prime Minister of Eswatini (b. 1968)
December 14 – Gérard Houllier, French footballer and manager (b. 1947)
December 15 – Saufatu Sopoanga, 8th Prime Minister of Tuvalu (b. 1952)
December 16 – Flavio Cotti, 80th President of the Swiss Confederation (b. 1939)
December 17 – Pierre Buyoya, 3rd President of Burundi (b. 1949)
December 18
Michael Jeffery, 24th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1937)
Òscar Ribas Reig, 1st Prime Minister of Andorra (b. 1936)
December 19 – Mekere Morauta, 7th Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea (b. 1946)
December 22 – Muhammad Mustafa Mero, 62nd Prime Minister of Syria (b. 1941)
December 24
John Cremona, Acting President of Malta (b. 1918)
Ivry Gitlis, Israeli violinist (b. 1922)
December 25 – K. C. Jones, American basketball player and coach (b. 1932)
December 26
George Blake, British spy and double agent (b. 1922)
Brodie Lee, American professional wrestler and actor (b. 1979)
December 28 – Armando Manzanero, Mexican singer-songwriter (b. 1935)
December 29 – Pierre Cardin, Italian-born French fashion designer (b. 1922)
December 30 – Eugene Wright, American jazz bassist (b. 1923)
December 31 – Tommy Docherty, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1928)

== Nobel Prizes ==

Chemistry – Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna
Economics – Paul Milgrom and Robert B. Wilson
Literature – Louise Glück
Peace – World Food Programme
Physics – Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea M. Ghez
Physiology or Medicine – Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice

== References ==
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