2019 https://tvdseo.com/n2019 (MMXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
2019 was designated as International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements by the United Nations General Assembly given that it coincides with the 150th anniversary of its creation by Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869.
== Events ==
=== January ===
New Horizons makes a close approach of the Kuiper belt object (KBO) 486958 Arrokoth at 05:33 UTC.
Jair Bolsonaro begins his four-year term as President of Brazil.
Qatar withdraws from OPEC.
Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Austria.
Works published by authors who died in 1948 enter the public domain in many countries. In the U.S., all works published in 1923 enter the public domain, the first entry of published works into the public domain since 1998.
January 3 – Chinese probe Chang’e 4 becomes the first artificial object to land on the far side of the Moon.
January 5 – Bartholomew I of Constantinople issues a formal decree granting independence to the Orthodox Church of Ukraine from the Russian Orthodox Church.
January 6 – Muhammad V of Kelantan abdicates the federal throne as the 15th monarch of Malaysia, the first Malaysian monarch to do so.
January 7 – A faction of the Armed Forces of Gabon attempts a coup d’état.
January 10 – Venezuela enters a presidential crisis as Juan Guaidó and the National Assembly declare incumbent President Nicolás Maduro “illegitimate”.
January 23 – Venezuelan presidential crisis: Thousands of people protest in favor of disputed interim President Juan Guaidó. Several people are killed, and President Maduro severs U.S. diplomatic ties.
January 25 – A mine tailings dam breaks in Brumadinho, Minas Gerais, Brazil. At least 248 people are killed, with 22 missing.
January 28 – The U.S. Justice Department charges Chinese tech firm Huawei with multiple counts of fraud, raising U.S.–China tensions.
=== February ===
February 1 – U.S. President Donald Trump confirms that the U.S. will leave the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty of 1987, citing Russian non-compliance. The next day, Russia follows suit with suspension of its obligations to the treaty.
February 3 – Pope Francis arrives in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, becoming the first pope to visit the Arabian Peninsula.
February 6 – The Freedom House declares that Hungary is no longer a free country, making it the first country in the EU to be labelled “partly free”. It also claims that Serbia is no longer free as well.
February 7 – 2019 Haitian protests: Anti-government protests demanding the resignation of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse begin in several cities across the country.
February 12 – The Republic of Macedonia renames itself the Republic of North Macedonia, officially ending a decades-old dispute with Greece and paving the way for the former’s integration into NATO and the EU.
February 21 – SpaceIL launches the Beresheet probe, the world’s first privately financed mission to the Moon.
February 23 – Venezuelan presidential crisis: President Maduro severs diplomatic ties with Colombia as humanitarian aid attempts to enter the country across the border.
February 26–27 – The Indian Air Force launches airstrikes on purported militant camps in Balakot, Pakistan. It precedes a series of events that lead to the 2019 India–Pakistan standoff.
February 27–28 – The 2019 North Korea–United States summit is held in Hanoi, Vietnam. It is the second summit between U.S. President Donald Trump and the North Korean Chairman Kim Jong-un.
=== March ===
March 3 – An unmanned demonstration flight of the new crew capable version of the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft, intended to carry American astronauts into space, achieves successful autonomous docking with the International Space Station.
March 5 – A second case of sustained remission from HIV is reported, ten years after the Berlin Patient.
March 6 – Venezuelan presidential crisis: Venezuela expels German ambassador Daniel Kriener for his alleged meddling in internal affairs.
March 10 – Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302, a Boeing 737 MAX 8 bound for Nairobi, crashes shortly after takeoff from Addis Ababa, killing all 157 people on board. All Boeing 737 MAX aircraft are subsequently grounded worldwide.
March 13 – March 2019 North American blizzard: A winter storm completes its explosive intensification over the Southern Rocky Mountains region, which began the day before, becoming a powerful “bomb cyclone” and triggering severe blizzard conditions across much of the Southwestern and Central United States.
Cyclone Idai makes landfall on Mozambique, causing at least 1,073 fatalities, as well as mass flooding and power outages in southern Africa.
51 people are killed and 50 others injured in terrorist attacks on two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand. It is the deadliest mass shooting and terrorist attack in New Zealand’s history.
Nursultan Nazarbayev resigns as President of Kazakhstan after 29 years in office and appoints Kassym-Jomart Tokayev as acting president. Astana is renamed Nur-Sultan the following day in his honor.
Karen Uhlenbeck becomes the first woman to win the Abel Prize for her outstanding contributions to mathematics.
March 20 – Europe’s antitrust regulators fine Google €1.49 billion (US$1.7 billion) for freezing out rivals in the online advertising business, bringing the total cost of EU fines against Google at nearly €8.76 billion.
March 21 – A major explosion at a chemical plant in Xiangshui, Jiangsu, China, kills at least 78 people and injures more than 600 others. Its powerful impact registered as an artificial earthquake.
March 23 – The final territory of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, located in Al-Baghuz Fawqani, Syria, is liberated.
March 26 – The European Parliament votes by 348 to 278 in favour of the EU Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market, which expands legal liability for websites and includes the controversial Article 13.
March 31 – Taiwan scrambles its fighter aircraft after two Chinese jets crossed the maritime border between the two nations. Just the day before, Japan had similarly scrambled its jets after Chinese jets flew between Miyako and Okinawa.
=== April ===
April 2 – Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigns as President of Algeria amid widespread protests, after nearly two decades in office.
April 4 – Second Libyan Civil War: The Libyan National Army (LNA) launches a surprise offensive in western Libya, moving units towards the Government of National Accord-held capital Tripoli and capturing Gharyan.
Scientists from the Event Horizon Telescope project announce the first ever image of a black hole, located in the centre of the M87 galaxy.
Fossil fragments found in the Callao Cave in the Philippines reveal the existence of a new species of human, the Homo luzonensis. The species is named after Luzon island, where the fossils were discovered.
WikiLeaks co-founder Julian Assange is arrested after seven years in Ecuador’s embassy in London.
Amid mass protests, Omar al-Bashir is deposed as President of Sudan in a coup d’état, after nearly 30 years in office.
April 15 – During Holy Week, a major fire engulfs Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris, resulting in the roof and main spire collapsing.
April 16 – The Howse Peak avalanche kills three noted mountaineers: Austrians Hansjörg Auer and David Lama, and Canadian Jess Roskelley.
April 18 – NepaliSat-1 is launched. It is Nepal’s first ever research satellite to be sent into space.
April 21 – A series of bomb attacks occur at eight locations in Sri Lanka, including three churches, four hotels and one housing complex in Colombo, on Easter Sunday, leaving 259 people dead and over 500 injured. It is the first major terrorist attack in the country since the Sri Lankan Civil War ended in 2009.
April 25 – North Korean leader Kim Jong-un visits Russia to hold a series of summits with Russian leaders, including President Vladimir Putin.
April 26 – Avengers: Endgame is released in theaters, breaking many box-office records, including becoming the highest grossing movie of all time.
April 28 – Victor Vescovo achieves the deepest dive of any human in history, as he reaches Challenger Deep within the Mariana Trench, at a depth of 10,928 m (35,853 ft).
April 29 – Elusive Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi appears in undated footage released by the group, his first appearance on video since 2014.
Emperor Akihito of Japan abdicates from his throne, the first abdication by a Japanese monarch in almost two centuries. The abdication ends the Heisei era of Japan and ushers in the Reiwa era with new emperor Naruhito ascending the throne on May 1.
Venezuelan presidential crisis: Venezuelan opposition leader and disputed interim President Juan Guaidó leads an attempted uprising against President Nicolás Maduro.
=== May ===
King Vajiralongkorn of Thailand marries his personal bodyguard Suthida Tidjai – a commoner – in a surprise ceremony, making her queen consort of Thailand.
Russian President Vladimir Putin signs into law a controversial “sovereign internet” bill that allows Russian authorities to better monitor internet routing and to steer Russian internet traffic away from foreign servers.
May 3 – The number of deaths from the Kivu Ebola outbreak exceeds 1,000. It is the second deadliest Ebola outbreak in history, only surpassed by the Western African Ebola virus epidemic of 2013–2016.
May 3–6 – May 2019 Gaza–Israel clashes: The Gaza–Israel conflict escalates after the Israeli military launches airstrikes into Gaza killing more than 20 Palestinians including a pregnant woman and a toddler following the injury of two soldiers from Gazan sniper fire.
May 4–6 – Coronation of King Vajiralongkorn of Thailand.
May 5 – Aeroflot Flight 1492 crash-lands and bursts into flames at Sheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow, killing 41 of the 78 people on board.
In its first report since 2005, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) warns that biodiversity loss is “accelerating”, with over a million species now threatened with extinction; the decline of the natural living world is “unprecedented” and largely a result of human actions, according to the report.
Syrian Civil War: The Syrian Army launches a major ground offensive against one of the last rebel strongholds in the country.
May 8 – A British teenager, Isabelle Holdaway, 17, is reported to be the first patient ever to receive a genetically modified phage therapy to treat a drug-resistant infection.
May 10 – Amid ongoing negotiations, the U.S.’s 25% tariff hike on US$200 billion worth of Chinese imports takes effect, escalating tensions between the two nations in the ongoing China–United States trade war.
May 12 – May 2019 Gulf of Oman incident: Four commercial ships, including two Saudi Aramco oil tankers, are damaged near Fujairah in the Gulf of Oman. The UAE claims it was a “sabotage attack”, while an early U.S. assessment blames Iran. The incident occurs after increased U.S.-Iran tensions provoked by the deployment of U.S. military to the Persian Gulf in response to an alleged plot by Iran to attack U.S. forces.
May 13 – Prosecutors in Sweden reopen the rape allegation investigation against WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. Swedish prosecutors mention their intent to seek extradition of Assange from the U.K. after he has served his 50-week prison sentence for skipping bail.
May 14–18 – The Eurovision Song Contest 2019 takes place in Tel Aviv, Israel, and is won by Dutch entrant Duncan Laurence with the song “Arcade”.
May 17 – Taiwan’s parliament becomes the first in Asia to legalise same-sex marriage.
May 18 – 2019 Australian federal election: Scott Morrison’s Liberal/National Coalition Government is narrowly re-elected, defeating the Labor Party led by Bill Shorten.
Eleven people are killed in a shooting at a bar in Belém, Brazil.
China–United States trade war: Google pulls Android update support for Huawei phones, as well as the Google Play Store and Gmail apps, after the company was blacklisted by the U.S. government.
May 20 – The redefinition of the SI system of measurement adopted by the majority of countries in the world takes effect.
May 23 – 2019 Indian general election: Narendra Modi secures a landslide victory, with his party BJP alone gaining 303 of the 543 seats in parliament, and his political alliance winning 353 seats of the 543.
British Prime Minister Theresa May announces her resignation as Conservative leader, effective June 7, 2019.
A prison riot in Acarigua, Venezuela, leaves 29 prisoners dead and 19 guards injured.
May 26–27 – Amazonas prison massacres: More than 50 prisoners are killed in a series of riots at four different prisons in Amazonas, Brazil.
May 27 – U.S. President Donald Trump, during an official state visit to Japan, becomes the first foreign leader to meet with Japanese emperor Naruhito.
May 30 – July 14 – The 2019 Cricket World Cup is held in England and Wales, and is won by England.
=== June ===
Nearly five years after abdication, King Juan Carlos I of Spain retires from public life.
2019 San Marino referendum: Sammarinese voters vote to end discrimination based on sexual orientation and initiate a popular legislative initiative for the reform of the electoral system.
June 3 – Khartoum massacre: More than 100 people are killed when Sudanese troops and Janjaweed militiamen storm and open fire on a protest camp outside of a military headquarters in Khartoum, Sudan.
June 3–5 – U.S. President Donald Trump makes a state visit to the U.K., meeting with Queen Elizabeth II and outgoing Prime Minister Theresa May. It is the first official state visit to the U.K. by a sitting U.S. president since 2011. Trump also attends D-Day commemorative ceremonies.
June 5–8 – Chinese President Xi Jinping makes a state visit to Russia, where he also attends the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.
June 6 – 2018–19 Sudanese protests: The African Union suspends Sudan’s membership “with immediate effect” after the Khartoum massacre.
June 7 – British Prime Minister Theresa May resigns as leader of the Conservative Party.
June 7 – July 7 – The 2019 FIFA Women’s World Cup is held in France and is won by the United States.
2019–20 Hong Kong protests: Over 1 million people in Hong Kong protest against proposed legislation regarding extradition to mainland China. It is the largest protest in Hong Kong since the 1997 handover.
A large explosive eruption of Mount Sinabung in Indonesia sends a 7,000-meter ash column into the air, generating a pyroclastic flow 3–3.5 kilometers long towards the south and southeast of the mountain.
June 11 – Botswana decriminalizes homosexuality.
The Supreme Court of Ecuador rules in favor of same-sex marriage, making it legal throughout the country.
June 12, 2019 Hong Kong protest: The Hong Kong government and police controversially declare that the protest has “turned into a riot”.
June 13 – June 2019 Gulf of Oman incident: Two oil tankers are attacked near the Strait of Hormuz while transiting the Gulf of Oman amid heightened tension between Iran and the U.S., with the latter blaming the former for the incident.
June 15 – 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: Hong Kong announces it will indefinitely suspend the controversial extradition bill, but protests continue, this time calling for the total withdrawal of the bill and the resignation of Chief Executive Carrie Lam.
June 16 – A large-scale power outage hits Argentina, Uruguay and parts of Paraguay, affecting nearly 50 million people.
June 17 – A triple suicide blast kills 30 and injures over 40 in Borno, Nigeria, at a hall where people were watching a football match.
June 18 – The U.S. sends an additional 1,000 troops to the Middle East as tensions build with Iran.
June 19 – Four men are charged with murdering the 298 passengers and crew of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, an airliner shot down while flying over Eastern Ukraine in July 2014.
June 20–21 – Chinese President Xi Jinping makes a state visit to North Korea. It is his first visit to the country as president and the first visit to North Korea by a Chinese leader since Hu Jintao’s visit 14 years prior.
June 20 – June 2019 Iranian shoot-down of American drone: Iran shoots down a U.S. RQ-4 Global Hawk surveillance drone over the Strait of Hormuz after claiming it violated their airspace. The U.S. claims it was shot down in international airspace in an “unprovoked attack”.
June 22 – 2019 Amhara Region coup d’état attempt: In the Amhara Region of Ethiopia, regional president Ambachew Mekonnen and national-military chief of staff Se’are Mekonnen are assassinated.
June 30 – During a trilateral gathering at the Panmunjom Truce Village between South Korean President Moon Jae-in, North Korean Leader Kim Jong-un and U.S. President Donald Trump, Trump becomes the first sitting U.S. president to cross the Korean Demilitarized Zone and enter North Korea. Trump and Kim also agree to restart stalled denuclearization negotiations.
=== July ===
July – The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reports, on August 15, that July 2019 was the hottest month on record globally, at 0.95 °C (1.71 °F) above the 20th-century average.
Japan resumes commercial whaling after a 30-year moratorium, following its withdrawal from the International Whaling Commission.
Japan announces tightening high-tech exports to South Korea, thus begin the trade dispute between the two countries.
The International Atomic Energy Agency confirms that Iran has breached the limit on its stockpile of enriched uranium.
2019–20 Hong Kong protests: During the annual July 1 protests that mark the anniversary of the British handover of the city to China, a group of a few hundred protesters stormed the Legislative Council of Hong Kong, defacing various portraits and destroying furniture before being dispersed by police using tear gas.
A fire on the Russian deep-diving submarine Losharik kills 14 crew members. Submarine commander Denis Dolonsky was among those killed.
July 2 – A total solar eclipse occurs over South America. It is the 58th solar eclipse from Saros cycle 127.
July 3 – 2019 Tajoura migrant center airstrike: An airstrike by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan National Army hits the Tajoura Detention Center outside Tripoli, Libya, while hundreds of people are inside the facility, killing at least 53 of them and injures 130 others.
July 10 – The last Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the line in Puebla, Mexico. The last of 5,961 “Special Edition” cars will be exhibited in a museum.
July 12 – Asasey Hotel attack: A car bomb and a gun attack kill at least 26 people, including two prominent journalists and nine foreigners, in Kismayo, Somalia. Islamist group al-Shabaab claims responsibility.
July 13 – Hurricane Barry strikes the Gulf Coast, killing one and causing over $500 million (2019 USD) in damages.
July 16 – The European Parliament elects Ursula von der Leyen as the new President of the European Commission. Succeeding Jean-Claude Juncker, she will be sworn in on December 1, 2019. She is the first female to be elected to this office in EU history.
Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán, former head of the Sinaloa Cartel, which became the biggest supplier of drugs to the U.S., is sentenced to life in prison plus 30 years.
The World Health Organization (WHO) declares the Kivu Ebola epidemic to be a public health emergency of international concern.
July 18 – 36 people are killed and more than 30 others injured after an arson attack at an animation company in Kyoto, Japan. It is one of the deadliest massacres in the country’s history since the end of World War II and the deadliest building fire in the country in 18 years, since the Myojo 56 building fire in 2001.
July 19 – The Iranian Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps captures British tanker Stena Impero and temporarily seizes British-operated and Liberian-flagged tanker Mesdar in the Persian Gulf. The British Foreign Secretary, Jeremy Hunt, warns there will be “serious consequences” if Iran does not release the tanker.
July 21 – A mob of over 100 suspected triad members dressed in white and armed with batons attack commuters indiscriminately at MTR Yuen Long station in Hong Kong, injuring 45, including a pro-democracy legislator and a pregnant woman. Hong Kong police have been accused of allowing the violence to happen due to their delayed response and decision to limit emergency services in the area. (The Guardian) (SCMP)
July 24 – Boris Johnson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after defeating Jeremy Hunt in a leadership contest, succeeding Theresa May.
July 26 – August 11 – The 2019 Pan American Games are held in Lima, Peru.
July 30 – India bans triple talaq.
=== August ===
August 1 – Danish polar research institution Polar Portal reports a large spike in Greenland ice loss, with 11 billion tons melted in one day and 197 gigatonnes during the month of July.
The United States officially withdraws from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty established with Russia in 1987.
2019–2020 Japan–South Korea trade dispute: Japan announces the removal of South Korea from its list of most trusted trading partners, effective on August 28.
August 3 – A mass shooting at a Walmart store in El Paso, Texas, United States, leaves 23 people dead and 23 others injured.
2019 Cairo bombing: A car crashes into three other cars causing an explosion outside the National Cancer Institute Egypt in Cairo, Egypt, killing at least 20 people and injuring 47 others.
2019 Dayton shooting: Ten people, including the perpetrator, are killed and 27 others injured in a mass shooting in Dayton, Ohio, United States, just 13 hours after the mass shooting in El Paso, Texas.
Revocation of the special status of Jammu and Kashmir: India revokes the part of its constitution that gives Indian-administered Kashmir special status in an unprecedented move.
2019–20 Hong Kong protests: Amid ongoing protests, Hong Kong is hit by the first general strikes of their kind since 1967.
August 7 – The Singapore Convention on Mediation, also known as the UN Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, comes into effect with 46 countries ratifying it. States that have ratified the treaty will have to ensure that international commercial settlement agreements are enforced by their courts.
August 8 – Nyonoksa radiation accident: Reports indicate that there may have been a nuclear explosion at the Nyonoksa weapons-testing site in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. At least five people were killed and three others injured in the blast, with radiation levels in Severodvinsk, 29 miles (47 km) away from the site, being 20 times above normal levels temporarily.
Morogoro tanker explosion: A fuel tanker truck explodes in Morogoro, Tanzania, killing at least 89 people and injuring dozens more.
32 are killed and 1,000,000 evacuated as Typhoon Lekima makes landfall in Zhejiang, China. Earlier it had caused flooding in the Philippines.
August 10–25 – 2019 Canary Islands wildfires: A number of forest fires break out in the Canary Islands of Gran Canaria, Tenerife and Lanzarote. The fires on the island of Gran Canaria were the most severe, resulting in the loss of large areas of the island’s forests and leading to the evacuation of thousands of residents from a number of towns and villages.
August 11 – 2019 Indian floods: At least 114 people, including 57 in Kerala, 30 in Karnataka and 27 in Maharashtra, are reported to have died in monsoon-related floods in India. At least 227 died across India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
2019–20 Hong Kong protests: Hong Kong International Airport is closed due to protests.
2019–2020 Japan–South Korea trade dispute: South Korea announces the removal of Japan from its list of most trusted trading partners, effective on September 18.
The Trump administration announces it will delay its proposal for 10 percent tariffs slated to take effect from September 1 on certain consumer goods from China while exempting other products — less than two weeks after Trump announced the new proposed tariffs.
August 13 – The main yield curve for U.S. Treasury bonds inverts, as the yield rate for 2-year bonds rises higher than the yield rate for 10-year bonds.
August 14 – The Dow Jones plunges more than 500 points, due to concerns over the yield curve inversion.
August 15 – The European Central Bank shuts down PNB Banka after ruling it had become insolvent; this bank, previously called Norvik Banka, was Latvia’s sixth-largest lender, and was a critic of the Baltic country’s financial authorities.
August 16 – Russian airstrike kills 20 civilians in the Hass refugee camp
August 18 – 100 activists, officials, and other concerned citizens in Iceland hold a funeral for Okjökull glacier, which has completely melted after once covering six square miles (15.5 km2).
August 19 – 2019 Papua protests erupt, mainly across Indonesian Papua, in response to an incident in Surabaya where a group of Papuan students were arrested for alleged disrespect of the Indonesian flag. In Jayapura, Sorong, Fakfak, Timika and Manokwari, protests turned violent, with various private buildings and public facilities being damaged or burned. The protests and unrest were described by Reuters as “the most serious civil unrest in years over perceived racial and ethnic discrimination.”
2019 Amazon rainforest wildfires: Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE) reports fires burning in the Amazon rainforest at a record rate, with more than 36,000 in the year to date, while smoke reaches São Paulo more than 2,700 kilometres (1,700 mi) away.
Giuseppe Conte offers his resignation as Prime Minister of Italy in order to avoid a no-confidence motion.
August 23 – German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron describe the widespread Amazon fires as an international emergency, urging the matter to be discussed at the weekend’s G7 summit.
August 25 – 2019 Beirut drone crash: According to Lebanese officials, two Israeli drones attack Beirut, Lebanon. One crashed into the roof of the Hezbollah Media Center, about 45 minutes before the second exploded in the air and damaged the building. It was the first such incident between Israel and Lebanon since the 2006 Lebanon War.
=== September ===
September 1 – Hurricane Dorian makes landfall on The Bahamas as the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic basin outside the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico, with sustained wind speeds of 185 mph. 43 deaths are reported.
Sinking of MV Conception: 34 people are killed following a fire and subsequent sinking of a dive boat near Santa Cruz Island, California, United States. It is the worst maritime disaster in California in more than 150 years.
Iranian woman Sahar Khodayari sets herself on fire after being arrested for attending a soccer game in Iran. She dies a week later.
September 4 – 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam announces the official withdrawal of the controversial Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019, and setting up of an independent study to probe social and economic inequality within the territory.
September 6 – Chandrayaan-2, India’s second lunar probe, was successfully placed in lunar orbit, but the lander Vikram crashed into the surface of the moon.
Afghan peace process: U.S. President Donald Trump announces he “called off” planned peace talks with the Taliban at Camp David after they claimed responsibility for the September 2 and 5 bombings in Kabul which killed a U.S. soldier, among others.
Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov and 66 others are released in a prisoner exchange between Ukraine and Russia.
September 10 – The Parliament of the United Kingdom is prorogued amid unprecedented protests from opposition MPs, who hold up signs in the House of Commons and refuse to back the shutdown.
September 11 – Astronomers announce the detection of water in the atmosphere of exoplanet K2-18b, the first such discovery for an exoplanet in the habitable zone around a star.
September 14 – 2019 Abqaiq–Khurais attack: Two Saudi Aramco oil refineries in Abqaiq and Khurais, Saudi Arabia, are attacked by drones, resulting in fires. Houthi militants claim responsibility, saying that they used ten drones for the attack. Aramco’s oil exports and production are disrupted by five million barrels a day, close to half of the entire Saudi Arabian oil exports.
September 16 – A gas explosion in Koltsovo, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia sets off a fire in a bioweapons plant that houses viruses including smallpox, ebola and anthrax.
September 19 – 30 Afghan nut farmers are killed and 40 injured in a U.S. drone attack in Nangarhar Province.
September 20 – An international strike and protest led by young people and adults is held three days before the latest UN Climate Summit, to demand action be taken to address the climate crisis. The event is one of the largest climate mobilizations in history.
September 20 – November 2 – The 2019 Rugby Union World Cup is held in Japan; the South Africa Springboks defeat the England national rugby union team 32–12.
September 21 – U.S. President Donald Trump approves deployment of several hundred troops and military equipment to Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates following the September 14 attack on Saudi oil refineries. Both Saudi Arabia and Iran vow to defend themselves.
September 22 – Nearly three weeks after Hurricane Dorian makes landfall on The Bahamas, the official death toll stands at 52 and 1,300 are reported missing. Rescuers report the widespread stench of rotting bodies in the rubble.
One of the largest and oldest travel firms, Thomas Cook, goes bankrupt as last-minute rescue negotiations fail, stranding 600,000 tourists worldwide.
Russia formally adopts the Paris climate agreement.
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom unanimously rules that the September 2019 prorogation of Parliament was unlawful and void.
The Supreme Court of Spain unanimously rules in favour of the exhumation of the remains of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco from the Valle de los Caídos. He was finally exhumed on October 24, being re-inhumed in a private crypt with his wife.
U.S. Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi announces the start of a formal impeachment inquiry against President Donald Trump.
September 27 – 500,000 people march in a climate change protest led by activist Greta Thunberg and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in Montreal, Canada. 4,000,000 go on strike around the world.
September 30 – The Republic of Ireland promises to plant 440 million trees in twenty years to combat climate change.
=== October ===
2019–20 Hong Kong protests: A protester is shot in the chest with a live round of ammunition and critically injured.
The Nanfang’ao Bridge, the only steel single-arch bridge in Taiwan, collapses, killing six people and injuring more than twenty others.
October 2 – 25 soldiers are killed and 60 missing following attacks on two army camps in Boulkessi and Mondoro, Mali.
Paris police headquarters stabbing: A man stabs five officers at the central police headquarters in Paris, France, killing four of them. The attacker, shot dead by other officers, was an administrative intelligence employee at the station.
The European Court of Justice rules that Facebook must take down a post about Austrian politician Eva Glawischnig-Piesczek. The post originated in Ireland and the court ruled that the post defamed and insulted the politician and must be removed all over the world.
European Commission spokesperson Daniel Rosario threatens retaliatory measures if the United States imposes a US$7.5-billion (approximately €6.8-billion) tariff on products such as olives, whiskey, wine, cheese, yogurt, and airplanes. The tariffs are scheduled to take place on October 18.
October 4 – 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam and the Chief Executive in Council invokes the Emergency Regulations Ordinance and banning the face mask in public gatherings with immediate effect.
October 5 – 2019 Iraqi protests: 91 people are killed by police during a week of demonstrations in Iraq.
2019 Ecuadorian protests: The Government of Ecuador, headed by President Lenín Moreno, moves to Guayaquil as the Carondelet Palace in Quito is overtaken by protesters and chaos persists in the capital.
About 200 Extinction Rebellion activists block the gates of Leinster House (parliament) in the Republic of Ireland.
2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria: President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey announces a military invasion of north-eastern Syria, targeting the SDF and other Kurdish militias.
The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan and the U.N. Human Rights Office issue a report that says that U.S. bombings in Nimroz and Farah Province, Afghanistan, that killed 39 civilians are unlawful. The U.S. said the attacks were against drug labs that fund the Taliban.
October 12 – Typhoon Hagibis makes landfall in Japan, the biggest storm to hit the region in decades, with over seven million people urged to evacuate.
Trial of Catalonia independence leaders: The Supreme Court of Spain sentences nine Catalan independence movement leaders to 9 to 13 years of prison for sedition and misuse of public funds. Three others are disqualified for 1 year and 8 months for disobedience. Violent protests erupt across Catalonia.
A New York Times investigation reveals that Russian planes had bombed at least 50 hospitals and clinics in opposition-held Idlib, Syria.
October 16 – Venezuelan councilman and opposition politician Edmundo Rada is reported missing. He was found dead the following day on the side of the road out of Petare, Caracas, burned and with two coup de grâce shots in the back of his neck.
October 17 – Shootouts erupt in Culiacán, Mexico, after the arrest of El Chapo’s son, Ovidio Guzmán López, on an arrest warrant for drug dealing in the United States. Eight people are killed and 56 convicts escape from prison; 7 are recaptured by October 18. Guzmán López is released in an effort to restore peace and to prevent more bloodshed.
NASA astronauts Jessica Meir and Christina Koch conduct the first all-female spacewalk outside of the International Space Station.
Riots in Chilean capital city Santiago erupt as civil unrest escalated as a reaction to a series of economic measures and Government’s declarations labeled as abuse by protesters
October 19 – An estimated one million people march through London in a protest organised by People’s Vote, to demand a second referendum on Brexit.
The bodies of 39 people are found in a truck container in Essex, England. A 25-year-old man from Northern Ireland is arrested on suspicion of murder.
Google announces that its 53-qubit “Sycamore” processor has achieved quantum supremacy. IBM disputes the claim.
October 25 – Tourists visit the summit of Uluru (also known as Ayers Rock) for the last time, as a ban on climbing the famous rock in Australia’s Northern Territory comes into effect.
October 26 – The Amazon Catholic bishops synod proposes that married men be ordained as priests, which would reverse the Church’s centuries-old discipline of celibacy.
U.S. President Donald Trump announces that the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, was killed in a U.S. special forces operation. It was reported that al-Baghdadi detonated a suicide vest after being chased into a tunnel.
Social media website Twitter bans all political advertising worldwide.
An earthquake of 6.6. Mw rocks the Philippine island of Mindanao two days after an earthquake killed eight and left 12,000 people homeless.
A fire destroys much of the 500-year-old Japanese Shuri Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
A train catches fire near Rahim Yar Khan in Pakistan. The blaze, sparked by gas used by passengers cooking on board, kills at least 74 people.
Heavy rain and flooding leave 3 dead and 200,000 people are homeless in Beledweyne, Somalia. Meanwhile, 29 are dead and 29,000 homeless due to flooding in nearby Kenya.
=== November ===
LeBarón and Langford families massacre: Nine Americans are killed when Mexican gang members open fire on their vehicles while driving to a wedding about 110 kilometres (70 mi) south of the Mexico–United States border.
Amnesty International alleges that Bangladesh killed 466 people in 2018 under the guise of an anti-drugs campaign in what appears to be a wave of extrajudicial executions.
The United States formally begins process to pull out of the Paris Agreement on climate change.
11,000 scientists from around the world publish a study in the journal BioScience, warning “clearly and unequivocally that planet Earth is facing a climate emergency”.
Air pollution in parts of India hits record levels.
November 6 – 2019 Fada N’gourma attack: At least 37 people are killed and 60 others injured when gunmen attack a Canadian gold mining company convoy on a road in Burkina Faso.
November 7 – Former Congolese rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda is sentenced to 30 years in prison for war crimes and crimes against humanity, the longest sentence ever handed down by the International Criminal Court.
The Supreme Court of India awards a holy site in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh to Hindus, rejecting a Muslim claim. The move is likely to spur sectarian disputes.
Cyclone Bulbul kills seven in West Bengal, India and seven in Bangladesh. 2,000,000 people are evacuated.
A transit of Mercury occurs.
2019–20 Hong Kong protests: A traffic officer shot a youth in Sai Wan Ho during city-wide strike. A man was also set on fire by protesters on the same day.
Public impeachment hearings against U.S. President Donald Trump begin in the House of Representatives.
2019–20 Hong Kong protests: The Chinese University of Hong Kong officially announces a premature end to the semester as a result of large-scale protests and civil unrest. Besides CUHK, several Hong Kong universities switch to online learning and suspend on-campus class. The Education Bureau in Hong Kong officially announces to close all schools in Hong Kong due to the ongoing protests.
November 14 – Italy declares a state of emergency in Venice following record flooding.
November 17 – 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: Police use tear gas and water cannons against protesters who try to break through cordons and reach The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, which is at the center of a week-long standoff between demonstrators and law enforcement. Protesters fight back with Molotov cocktails, arrows, and bricks.
November 19 – Google enters the video game market with the launch of Stadia.
November 21 – Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is indicted on charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust.
An independence referendum begins in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea. Voters overwhelmingly choose independence.
The last known Sumatran rhinoceros in Malaysia dies.
November 24 – 2019 Busy Bee crash: A plane crashes shortly after takeoff in a densely populated area of Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing all 19 people on board and at least 10 more on the ground.
The World Meteorological Organization reports that levels of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have reached another new record high of 407.8 parts per million, with “no sign of a slowdown, let alone a decline.”
IPv4 address exhaustion: The RIPE NCC, which is the official regional Internet registry (RIR) for Europe, officially announces that it has run out of IPv4 addresses.
2019 Albania earthquake: 51 people are killed and around 2,000 others injured in a 6.4-magnitude earthquake in northwestern Albania. The earthquake is the strongest to hit Albania in more than 40 years, and the world’s deadliest earthquake in 2019.
2019 Chilean protests: Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International issue reports on Chile’s situation denouncing grave human rights violations, including excessive violence use and detention abuses by police forces. Among police brutality acts there are records of police agents firing non-lethal ammunition to protesters’ faces against provider’s regulations, resulting in more than 200 people with severe eye trauma and more than 50 requiring prosthetic eyes.
November 27 – The U.S. Government passes the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act.
November 30 – 22 people (two civilians, four police officers and 16 drug dealers) are killed in a shootout in Villa Unión, Coahuila, Mexico, the largest such crime in the country’s history.
November 30 – December 11 – The 2019 Southeast Asian Games are held in the Philippines.
=== December ===
December – The coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak begins in Wuhan, Hubei, China.
December 2 – Typhoon Kammuri hits the Philippines, causing the evacuation of 200,000 people, but without reports of injuries or serious damage.
December 2–13 – The 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference takes place in Madrid, Spain, after Chilean President Sebastián Piñera announced in October that his country could not host the conference due to political unrest in the country.
The 2019 Burundi landslide is reported to have caused at least 26 deaths.
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi asks the House Judiciary Committee to begin drafting the articles of impeachment against U.S. President Donald Trump.
December 8 – A fire at a factory in Delhi, India, kills 43 people and injures at least 50 others.
The World Anti-Doping Agency votes unanimously to ban Russia from international sport for four years for doping offences, meaning it will be excluded from the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing and the 2022 World Cup in Qatar.
A volcano erupts on White Island in New Zealand, killing 20 people and injuring 27 others.
2019 Chilean Air Force C-130 crash: A Chilean military transport aircraft crashes while en route to Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva in Antarctica, killing all 38 people on board. The crash site was located on December 12.
Sanna Marin, at the age of 34, becomes the world’s youngest serving prime minister after being selected to lead Finland’s Social Democratic Party.
Democrats in the United States House of Representatives announce formal charges against President Donald Trump, accusing him of abusing power and “obstructing Congress”; he becomes the fourth U.S. president in history to face impeachment.
December 11 – The World Trade Organization is left unable to intervene in trade disputes after the U.S. blocks the appointment of new panel members.
December 16 – Pope Francis abolishes pontifical secrecy in sex abuse cases; the move follows the Vatican’s Meeting on the Protection of Minors in the Church months prior. The Pope also raises the definition of “child pornography” from 14 to 18 years old.
December 17 – Shandong, China’s first fully domestically built aircraft carrier, enters naval service.
The CHEOPS space telescope, whose mission is to study the formation of extrasolar planets and determine their precise radius, likely density and internal structure, is launched.
The U.S. House of Representatives approves two articles of impeachment against President Trump, making him the third president to be impeached in the nation’s history.
Libya’s Government of National Accord activates a cooperation accord with Turkey, allowing for a potential Turkish military intervention in the Second Libyan Civil War.
A locust plague devastates 173,000 acres (70,000 hectares) of crop and grazing land in Ethiopia and Somalia.
A court in the Philippines convicts Andal Ampatuan Jr., his brother Zaldy Ampatuan and 31 others including three members of the Ampatuan clan, of 57 counts of murder and sentences them to life imprisonment without parole for their role in the Maguindanao massacre.
The United States founds the United States Space Force, a branch of the United States Armed Forces dedicated to space warfare.
The Dutch Supreme Court affirms that the Dutch government is responsible for management of carbon dioxide emissions for the country and is bound to protect human rights. The ruling reiterated from the Court of Appeals is that “every country is responsible for its share” of emissions.
Five men are sentenced to death and another three face 24 years in prison for their roles in the murder of dissident journalist and Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.
28 people are killed and 13 others injured after a bus plunges into a ravine on a winding road in South Sumatra.
December 24 – Thousands of Muslims protest the December 20 burning of four mosques in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia.
December 26 – An annular solar eclipse was visible from South Asia. This was a part of Saros 132.
December 27 – Corporate defaults on corporate bonds in China reach a new record.
December 28 – A truck bomb attributed to al-Shabaab kills at least 78 and wounds 125 in Mogadishu, Somalia.
A report by the Multi-Sector Epidemic Response Committee (CMRE) indicates that 2,231 people have died so far in the 2018–20 Kivu Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Taliban’s ruling council agrees to a temporary cease-fire in Afghanistan, opening a door to a peace agreement with the United States.
December 30 – Chinese authorities announce that He Jiankui, who claimed to have created the world’s first genetically edited human babies, has been sentenced to three years in prison and fined 3 million yuan (US$430,000) for his genetic research efforts.
Iraqi militiamen and protesters breach the front gate checkpoint of the United States embassy in Baghdad following a U.S. military operation that targeted an Iraqi militia on December 29.
China informs the World Health Organization of an outbreak of a novel coronavirus in Wuhan, the ninth most populous Chinese city.
== Births ==
May 6 – Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, first child of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex and seventh in the line of succession to the British throne
== Deaths ==
=== January ===
Ivan Dimitrov, Bulgarian footballer (b. 1935)
Ivo Gregurević, Croatian actor (b. 1952)
Paulien van Deutekom, Dutch world champion speed skater (b. 1981)
Daryl Dragon, American musician (b. 1942)
Bob Einstein, American actor and comedian (b. 1942)
Gene Okerlund, American wrestling announcer (b. 1942)
January 3 – Herb Kelleher, American businessman (b. 1931)
Bernice Sandler, American women’s rights activist (b. 1928)
Dragoslav Šekularac, Serbian footballer and manager (b. 1937)
January 6 – José Ramón Fernández, Cuban revolution leader (b. 1923)
January 7 – Moshe Arens, Lithuanian-born Israeli aeronautical engineer, diplomat, and politician (b. 1925)
January 9 – Verna Bloom, American actress (b. 1938)
January 10 – Theo Adam, German opera singer (b. 1926)
Michael Atiyah, British-Lebanese mathematician and academic (b. 1929)
Fernando Luján, Mexican actor (b. 1939)
January 13 – Phil Masinga, South African footballer (b. 1969)
January 14 – Paweł Adamowicz, Polish politician (b. 1965)
January 15 – Carol Channing, American actress (b. 1921)
Babiker Awadalla, 8th Prime Minister of Sudan (b. 1917)
Windsor Davies, Welsh actor (b. 1930)
Mary Oliver, American poet (b. 1935)
Nathan Glazer, American sociologist (b. 1923)
Henry Sy, Chinese-Filipino business magnate (b. 1924)
Tibor Baranski, Hungarian-American educator (b. 1922)
Andrew G. Vajna, Hungarian-American film producer (b. 1944)
Kaye Ballard, American actress (b. 1925)
Henri, Count of Paris, Head of the House of Orléans (b. 1933)
Emiliano Sala, Argentine footballer (b. 1990)
Jonas Mekas, Lithuanian-born American filmmaker, poet, and artist (b. 1922)
Oliver Mtukudzi, Zimbabwean musician, businessman, and philanthropist (b. 1952)
Erik Olin Wright, American Marxist sociologist (b. 1947)
January 24 – Fernando Sebastián Aguilar, Spanish cardinal (b. 1929)
Dušan Makavejev, Serbian film director (b. 1932)
Krishna Sobti, Indian Hindi-language fiction writer and essayist (b. 1925)
Jean Guillou, French composer, organist, and pianist (b. 1930)
Michel Legrand, French composer (b. 1932)
January 27 – Nina Fyodorova, Russian cross-country skier (b. 1947)
January 29 – James Ingram, American R&B musician (b. 1952)
January 30 – Dick Miller, American actor (b. 1928)
=== February ===
February 2 – Carol Emshwiller, American author (b. 1921)
Julie Adams, American actress (b. 1926)
Detsl, Russian musician (b. 1983)
Kristoff St. John, American actor (b. 1966)
Matti Nykänen, Finnish Olympic-winning ski jumper and singer (b. 1963)
Leonie Ossowski, German writer (b. 1925)
Manfred Eigen, German Nobel Prize winning biophysical chemist (b. 1927)
Rosamunde Pilcher, British author (b. 1924)
Albert Finney, English actor (b. 1936)
Jan Olszewski, 3rd Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1930)
Frank Robinson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1935)
February 8 – Walter Munk, Austrian-American oceanographer (b. 1917)
Shelley Lubben, American author, activist, singer, and pornographic actress (b. 1968)
Maximilian Reinelt, German rower and doctor (b. 1988)
Tomi Ungerer, French illustrator (b. 1931)
Patricia Nell Warren, American novelist, poet, and journalist (b. 1936)
Jan-Michael Vincent, American actor (b. 1945)
February 11 – Sibghatullah Mojaddedi, Afghani politician (b. 1925)
Betty Ballantine, British-born American book publisher (b. 1919)
Gordon Banks, English footballer (b. 1937)
Pedro Morales, Puerto Rican professional wrestler (b. 1942)
February 13 – Idriz Ajeti, Kosovar Albanologist (b. 1917)
February 14 – Andrea Levy, English novelist (b. 1956)
February 15 – Lee Radziwill, American socialite (b. 1933)
Bruno Ganz, Swiss actor (b. 1941)
Li Rui, Chinese politician, historian and dissident (b. 1917)
February 17 – Šaban Šaulić, Serbian folk singer (b. 1951)
Wallace Smith Broecker, American geophysicist (b. 1931)
Alessandro Mendini, Italian architect and designer (b. 1931)
Peter Wells, New Zealand writer and filmmaker (b. 1950)
February 19 – Karl Lagerfeld, German fashion designer (b. 1933)
February 20 – Dominick Argento, American composer (b. 1927)
Stanley Donen, American film director (b. 1924)
Peter Tork, American musician and actor (b. 1942)
Hilde Zadek, German operatic soprano (b. 1917)
Brody Stevens, American comedian and actor (b. 1970)
Morgan Woodward, American actor (b. 1925)
February 23 – Katherine Helmond, American actress (b. 1929)
Antoine Gizenga, 21st Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1925)
Donald Keene, American-born Japanese scholar, historian, and writer (b. 1922)
February 25 – Waldo Machado, Brazilian footballer (b. 1934)
February 26 – Christian Bach, Argentine-Mexican actress and producer (b. 1959)
February 27 – France-Albert René, Seychellois politician, 2nd President of Seychelles (b. 1935)
February 28 – André Previn, German-American pianist, conductor and composer (b. 1929)
=== March ===
Zhores Alferov, Soviet and Russian Nobel physicist (b. 1930)
Kevin Roche, Irish-born American architect (b. 1922)
Yannis Behrakis, Greek photojournalist (b. 1960)
Med Hondo, Mauritanian film director, producer, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1936)
King Kong Bundy, American professional wrestler (b. 1957)
Juan Corona, Mexican serial killer (b. 1934)
Keith Flint, English musician, singer, and dancer (b. 1969)
Klaus Kinkel, German politician (b. 1936)
Ted Lindsay, Canadian professional ice hockey player (b. 1925)
Luke Perry, American actor (b. 1966)
March 5 – Jacques Loussier, French pianist and composer (b. 1934)
March 6 – Carolee Schneemann, American visual artist (b. 1939)
March 7 – Guillaume Faye, French journalist and writer (b. 1949)
March 8 – Michael Gielen, Austrian conductor and composer (b. 1927)
Bernard Binlin Dadié, Ivorian novelist and playwright (b. 1916)
Vladimir Etush, Soviet and Russian actor (b. 1922)
March 10 – İrsen Küçük, 6th Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus (b. 1940)
March 11 – Hal Blaine, American drummer (b. 1929)
March 13 – Andrea Pollack, German swimmer (b. 1961)
Godfried Danneels, Belgian cardinal (b. 1933)
Charlie Whiting, British motorsports director (b. 1952)
W. S. Merwin, American poet (b. 1927)
Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Louly, 3rd Head of State of Mauritania (b. 1943)
Dick Dale, American guitarist and surf music pioneer (b. 1937)
Barbara Hammer, American filmmaker (b. 1939)
Alan Krueger, American economist (b. 1960)
March 19 – Marlen Khutsiev, Georgian-born Soviet and Russian filmmaker (b. 1925)
Donald Kalpokas, 2nd Prime Minister of Vanuatu (b. 1943)
Mary Warnock, British philosopher (b. 1924)
Frans Andriessen, Dutch politician (b. 1929)
Scott Walker, American-born British singer-songwriter (b. 1943)
Larry Cohen, American film director and screenwriter (b. 1936)
Rafi Eitan, Israeli intelligence officer and politician (b. 1926)
March 24 – Nancy Gates, American actress (b. 1926)
Valery Bykovsky, Soviet and Russian cosmonaut (b. 1934)
Abdul Latif Dayfallah, 2nd Prime Minister of Yemen Arab Republic (b. 1930)
March 29 – Agnès Varda, Belgian-born French filmmaker (b. 1928)
March 31 – Nipsey Hussle, American rapper (b. 1985)
=== April ===
Vonda N. McIntyre, American science fiction author (b. 1948)
Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio, Spanish writer (b. 1927)
April 2 – Jamshid Mashayekhi, Iranian actor (b. 1934)
April 4 – Georgiy Daneliya, Soviet and Russian film director and screenwriter (b. 1930)
Sydney Brenner, South African Nobel biologist (b. 1927)
Gianfranco Leoncini, Italian footballer (b. 1939)
April 6 – David J. Thouless, British Nobel physicist (b. 1934)
Seymour Cassel, American actor (b. 1935)
Cho Yang-ho, South Korean businessman (b. 1949)
Elwyn Berlekamp, American mathematician (b. 1940)
Charles Van Doren, American writer and editor (b. 1926)
Earl Thomas Conley, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
Estrella Zeledón Lizano, Costa Rican politician and First Lady of Costa Rica (b. 1929)
Georgia Engel, American actress (b. 1948)
Tommy Smith, English footballer (b. 1945)
Tony Buzan, English author and educational consultant (b. 1942)
Neus Català, Spanish political activist and Holocaust survivor (b. 1915)
Paul Greengard, American Nobel neuroscientist (b. 1925)
Lydia Wideman, Finnish cross-country skier (b. 1920)
Yvette Williams, New Zealand track-and-field athlete (b. 1929)
Bibi Andersson, Swedish actress (b. 1935)
Mirjana Marković, Serbian politician and First Lady of Yugoslavia (b. 1942)
Gene Wolfe, American science fiction and fantasy writer (b. 1931)
Grumpy Cat, American Internet celebrity cat (b. 2012)
April 16 – Fay McKenzie, American actress and singer (b. 1918)
April 17 – Alan García, Peruvian lawyer and politician, 61st and 64th President of Peru (b. 1949)
April 18 – Lyra McKee, Northern Irish journalist (b. 1990)
April 19 – Patrick Sercu, Belgian cyclist (b. 1944)
April 20 – Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Iranian artist (b. 1922)
April 21 – Ken Kercheval, American actor (b. 1935)
Lê Đức Anh, Vietnamese politician, 4th President of Vietnam (b. 1920)
Billy McNeill, Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1940)
April 23 – Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1921)
April 24 – Jean-Pierre Marielle, French actor (b. 1932)
April 25 – John Havlicek, American basketball player (b. 1940)
April 26 – Ellen Schwiers, German actress (b. 1930)
April 27 – Negasso Gidada, Ethiopian politician, 4th President of Ethiopia (b. 1943)
April 28 – John Singleton, American film director, screenwriter and producer (b. 1968)
Les Murray, Australian poet (b. 1938)
Josef Šural, Czech footballer (b. 1990)
Anémone, French actress (b. 1950)
Beth Carvalho, Brazilian samba singer (b. 1946)
Peter Mayhew, English-American actor (b. 1944)
=== May ===
Red Kelly, Canadian professional ice hockey player and coach (b. 1927)
Ali Mroudjaé, 9th Prime Minister of the Comoros (b. 1939)
May 3 – Goro Shimura, Japanese mathematician (b. 1930)
May 5 – Norma Miller, American dancer, actress and author (b. 1919)
John Lukacs, Hungarian-American historian (b. 1924)
Seymour Nurse, Barbadian cricketer (b. 1933)
May 7 – Jean Vanier, Canadian Catholic philosopher (b. 1928)
Sprent Dabwido, 13th President of Nauru (b. 1972)
Yevgeny Krylatov, Soviet and Russian composer (b. 1934)
May 9 – Alvin Sargent, American screenwriter (b. 1927)
May 10 – Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, Spanish politician (b. 1951)
Peggy Lipton, American actress and model (b. 1946)
Silver King, Mexican professional wrestler (b. 1968)
Machiko Kyō, Japanese actress (b. 1924)
Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir, Lebanese cardinal and Patriarch (b. 1920)
Unita Blackwell, American civil rights activist (b. 1933)
Doris Day, American actress and singer (b. 1922)
Tim Conway, American actor and comedian (b. 1933)
Grumpy Cat, American Internet celebrity cat (b. 2012)
Sven Lindqvist, Swedish author (b. 1932)
Bob Hawke, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1929)
Ashley Massaro, American professional wrestler, television host and model (b. 1979)
I. M. Pei, Chinese-American architect (b. 1917)
May 17 – Herman Wouk, American author (b. 1915)
Carlos Altamirano, Chilean lawyer and politician (b. 1922)
Nickey Iyambo, Namibian politician, 1st Vice-President of Namibia (b. 1936)
May 20 – Niki Lauda, Austrian racing driver (b. 1949)
May 21 – Glauco Sansovini, Captain Regent of San Marino (b. 1938)
Judith Kerr, German-born British author and illustrator (b. 1923)
Eduard Punset, Spanish politician and science popularizer (b. 1936)
Ahmad Shah of Pahang, Malaysian royal (b. 1930)
May 24 – Murray Gell-Mann, American Nobel physicist (b. 1929)
May 25 – Claus von Bülow, Danish-British socialite (b. 1926)
Bart Starr, American football player and coach (b. 1934)
Prem Tinsulanonda, Thai politician, 16th Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1920)
May 27 – Bill Buckner, American baseball player (b. 1949)
Apolo Nsibambi, Ugandan politician, 8th Prime Minister of Uganda (b. 1940)
Edward Seaga, Jamaican politician, 5th Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1930)
May 30 – Leon Redbone, Cypriot-American singer-songwriter, guitarist and actor (b. 1949)
May 31 – Roky Erickson, American singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
=== June ===
José Antonio Reyes, Spanish footballer (b. 1983)
Michel Serres, French philosopher, theorist and writer (b. 1930)
Ani Yudhoyono, 6th First Lady of Indonesia (b. 1952)
June 2 – Ken Matthews, English race walker (b. 1934)
Atsushi Aoki, Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1977)
Jurica Jerković, Croatian footballer (b. 1950)
Lennart Johansson, Swedish sports official (b. 1929)
Nechama Rivlin, Israeli socialite, 10th First Lady of Israel (b. 1945)
June 5 – Elio Sgreccia, Italian cardinal (b. 1928)
June 6 – Dr. John, American musician (b. 1941)
June 8 – André Matos, Brazilian vocalist, pianist and composer (b. 1971)
June 9 – Bushwick Bill, Jamaican-American rapper (b. 1966)
Girish Karnad, Indian actor, screenwriter and playwright (b. 1938)
Lee Hee-ho, South Korean peace activist, 15th First Lady of South Korea (b. 1922)
Gabriele Grunewald, American track-and-field athlete (b. 1986)
Billy McKee, Northern Irish paramilitary leader and founder of the Provisional IRA (b. 1921)
June 12 – Sylvia Miles, American actress (b. 1924)
June 13 – Edith González, Mexican actress and dancer (b. 1964)
June 15 – Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film director (b. 1923)
June 16 – Erzsébet Gulyás-Köteles, Hungarian gymnast (b. 1924)
Mohamed Morsi, 5th President of Egypt (b. 1951)
Gloria Vanderbilt, American socialite (b. 1924)
June 19 – Etika, American YouTuber (b. 1990)
June 20 – Eddie Garcia, Filipino actor, director and television personality (b. 1929)
June 21 – Demetris Christofias, 6th President of Cyprus (b. 1946)
Miguel Ángel Falasca, Argentine-born Spanish volleyball player and coach (b. 1973)
Thalles, Brazilian footballer (b. 1995)
Dave Bartholomew, American musician, bandleader, composer, arranger and record producer (b. 1918)
George Rosenkranz, Hungarian-Mexican chemist (b. 1916)
June 24 – Billy Drago, American actor (b. 1945)
June 25 – Isabel Sarli, Argentine actress and model (b. 1929)
Beth Chapman, American bounty hunter and reality star (b. 1967)
Édith Scob, French film and theatre actress (b. 1937)
Max Wright, American actor (b. 1943)
Jeon Mi-seon, South Korean actress (b. 1970)
Guillermo Mordillo, Argentine cartoonist (b. 1932)
Momir Bulatović, 1st President of the Republic of Montenegro (b. 1956)
Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist (b. 1944)
=== July ===
July 2 – Lee Iacocca, American automobile executive (b. 1924)
July 3 – Arte Johnson, American comedian and actor (b. 1929)
Eduardo Fajardo, Spanish actor (b. 1924)
Arturo Fernández Rodríguez, Spanish actor (b. 1929)
Pierre Lhomme, French cinematographer (b. 1930)
July 6 – João Gilberto, Brazilian bossa nova singer-songwriter (b. 1931)
July 7 – Artur Brauner, German film director (b. 1918)
Ross Perot, American businessman and politician (b. 1930)
Fernando de la Rúa, 43rd President of Argentina (b. 1937)
Rip Torn, American actor (b. 1931)
July 10 – Valentina Cortese, Italian actress (b. 1923)
Fernando J. Corbató, American computer scientist (b. 1926)
Claudio Naranjo, Chilean psychiatrist (b. 1932)
July 13 – Paolo Sardi, Italian cardinal (b. 1934)
Hussain Muhammad Ershad, President of Bangladesh (b. 1930)
Pernell Whitaker, American boxer (b. 1964)
July 16 – Johnny Clegg, South African musician and anthropologist (b. 1953)
July 17 – Andrea Camilleri, Italian writer (b. 1925)
David Hedison, American actor (b. 1927)
Yukiya Amano, Japanese diplomat (b. 1947)
Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor (b. 1944)
Ágnes Heller, Hungarian philosopher (b. 1929)
César Pelli, Argentine architect (b. 1926)
July 20 – Ilaria Occhini, Italian actress (b. 1934)
July 21 – José Manuel Estepa Llaurens, Spanish cardinal (b. 1926)
Christopher C. Kraft Jr., American aerospace engineer (b. 1924)
Li Peng, 4th Premier of the People’s Republic of China (b. 1928)
July 25 – Beji Caid Essebsi, 5th President and 18th Prime Minister of Tunisia (b. 1926)
Russi Taylor, American voice actress (b. 1944)
Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino, Cuban cardinal (b. 1936)
July 27 – John Robert Schrieffer, American Nobel physicist (b. 1931)
July 28 – George Hilton, Uruguayan actor (b. 1934)
July 29 – Egil Danielsen, Norwegian javelin thrower (b. 1933)
July 31 – Harold Prince, American theatrical producer and director (b. 1928)
=== August ===
Sadou Hayatou, 4th Prime Minister of Cameroon (b. 1942)
D. A. Pennebaker, American documentary filmmaker (b. 1925)
Harley Race, American professional wrestler, promoter, and trainer (b. 1943)
Nikolai Kardashev, Soviet and Russian astrophysicist (b. 1932)
Thomas Remengesau Sr., 2nd President of Palau (b. 1929)
Mike Troy, American swimmer (b. 1940)
August 4 – Nuon Chea, Cambodian politician, Acting Prime Minister of Cambodia (b. 1926)
August 5 – Toni Morrison, American Nobel writer (b. 1931)
August 7 – Kary Mullis, American Nobel biochemist (b. 1944)
Manfred Max-Neef, Chilean economist (b. 1932)
Jean-Pierre Mocky, French film director, screenwriter, and producer (b. 1929)
Altair Gomes de Figueiredo, Brazilian footballer (b. 1938)
Fahrudin Jusufi, Kosovar-born Serbian footballer and manager (b. 1939)
August 10 – Jeffrey Epstein, American financier and convicted sex offender (b. 1953)
Walter Martínez, Honduran footballer (b. 1982)
Sergio Obeso Rivera, Mexican cardinal (b. 1931)
August 12 – José Luis Brown, Argentinian footballer (b. 1956)
August 13 – Cecilia Caballero Blanco, Colombian socialite, 24th First Lady of Colombia (b. 1913)
Princess Christina of the Netherlands (b. 1947)
Peter Fonda, American actor (b. 1940)
Felice Gimondi, Italian racing cyclist (b. 1942)
José Nápoles, Cuban-born Mexican boxer (b. 1940)
Richard Williams, Canadian-British animator, voice actor, and writer (b. 1933)
August 17 – Jacques Diouf, Senegalese diplomat (b. 1938)
August 19 – Larry Taylor, American bass guitarist (b. 1942)
August 21 – Dina bint Abdul-Hamid, Queen consort of Jordan (b. 1929)
Junior Agogo, Ghanaian footballer (b. 1979)
Tim Fischer, 10th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1946)
David Koch, American businessman, philanthropist and political activist (b. 1940)
Egon Zimmermann, Austrian ski racer (b. 1939)
August 24 – Blanca Fernández Ochoa, Spanish alpine ski racer (b. 1963)
August 25 – Ferdinand Piëch, Austrian business executive and engineer (b. 1937)
August 26 – Pal Benko, Hungarian-American chess grandmaster (b. 1928)
Jessi Combs, American professional racer, television personality, and metal fabricator (b. 1980)
Dawda Jawara, 2nd Prime Minister of Gambia and 1st President of Gambia (b. 1924)
Michel Aumont, French actor (b. 1936)
Sogyal Rinpoche, Tibetan Dzogchen lama and writer (b. 1947)
August 29 – Achille Silvestrini, Italian cardinal (b. 1923)
Franco Columbu, Italian bodybuilder and actor (b. 1941)
Valerie Harper, American actress (b. 1939)
Anthoine Hubert, French racing driver (b. 1996)
Immanuel Wallerstein, American sociologist (b. 1930)
=== September ===
September 2 – Gyoji Matsumoto, Japanese footballer (b. 1934)
Halvard Hanevold, Norwegian biathlete (b. 1969)
Peter Lindbergh, German fashion photographer and film director (b. 1944)
Carol Lynley, American actress (b. 1942)
José de Jesús Pimiento Rodríguez, Colombian cardinal (b. 1919)
September 4 – Roger Etchegaray, French cardinal (b. 1922)
September 5 – Francisco Toledo, Mexican Zapotec painter, sculptor, and graphic artist (b. 1940)
September 6 – Robert Mugabe, 1st Prime Minister and 2nd President of Zimbabwe (b. 1924)
September 8 – Camilo Sesto, Spanish singer-songwriter, music producer and composer (b. 1946)
September 9 – Robert Frank, Swiss photographer (b. 1924)
B. J. Habibie, 3rd President of Indonesia (b. 1936)
Daniel Johnston, American singer-songwriter and visual artist (b. 1961)
September 12 – ʻAkilisi Pōhiva, 15th Prime Minister of Tonga (b. 1941)
Bruno Grandi, Italian sports executive (b. 1934)
Rudi Gutendorf, German footballer and manager (b. 1926)
György Konrád, Hungarian novelist and political dissident (b. 1933)
Eddie Money, American singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (b. 1949)
Lol Mahamat Choua, 4th President of Chad (b. 1939)
Chadlia Fahrat Essebsi, Tunisian consort, 5th First Lady of Tunisia (b. 1936)
Ric Ocasek, American singer, songwriter, and record producer (b. 1944)
September 16 – Luigi Colani, German industrial designer (b. 1928)
Jessica Jaymes, American pornographic actress (b. 1979)
Imata Kabua, Marshallese politician, 2nd President of the Marshall Islands (b. 1943)
September 18 – Fernando Ricksen, Dutch professional footballer (b. 1976)
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, 14th Prime Minister and 2nd President of Tunisia (b. 1936)
Charles Gérard, French actor (b. 1922)
Bert Hellinger, German psychotherapist (b. 1925)
Barron Hilton, American businessman, philanthropist and sportsman (b. 1927)
September 20 – Su Beng, Taiwanese dissident, political activist and historian (b. 1918)
Sid Haig, American actor (b. 1939)
Sigmund Jähn, German cosmonaut (b. 1937)
Günter Kunert, German writer (b. 1929)
September 22 – Ivan Kizimov, Soviet and Russian equestrian (b. 1928)
September 23 – Robert Hunter, American lyricist, poet and musician (b. 1941)
September 25 – Paul Badura-Skoda, Austrian pianist (b. 1927)
Jacques Chirac, 84th Prime Minister and 22nd President of France (b. 1932)
William Levada, American cardinal (b. 1936)
Gennadi Manakov, Soviet and Russian cosmonaut (b. 1950)
José José, Mexican singer and actor (b. 1948)
Ismail Petra of Kelantan, Malaysian royal (b. 1949)
Mark Zakharov, Soviet and Russian director and playwright (b. 1933)
Kornel Morawiecki, Polish politician and theoretical physicist (b. 1941)
Jessye Norman, American opera singer and recitalist (b. 1945)
=== October ===
Karel Gott, Czech singer and painter (b. 1939)
Miguel León-Portilla, Mexican anthropologist and historian (b. 1926)
Giya Kancheli, Soviet and Georgian composer (b. 1935)
Isaac Promise, Nigerian footballer (b. 1987)
October 3 – Diogo Freitas do Amaral, Acting Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1941)
October 4 – Diahann Carroll, American actress and singer (b. 1935)
Ginger Baker, English drummer (b. 1939)
Martin Lauer, German athlete (b. 1937)
Rip Taylor, American comedian and actor (b. 1931)
October 8 – Serafim Fernandes de Araújo, Brazilian cardinal (b. 1924)
October 9 – Andrés Gimeno, Spanish tennis player (b. 1937)
October 10 – Marie-José Nat, French actress (b. 1940)
Robert Forster, American actor (b. 1941)
Alexei Leonov, Soviet and Russian cosmonaut (b. 1934)
Sara Danius, Swedish writer and academic (b. 1962)
Hevrin Khalaf, Syrian politician and activist (b. 1984)
Yoshihisa Yoshikawa, Japanese sport shooter (b. 1936)
October 13 – Charles Jencks, American architect, cultural theorist and philanthropist (b. 1939)
Harold Bloom, American literary critic and writer (b. 1930)
Sulli, South Korean singer and actress (b. 1994)
October 15 – Tamara Buciuceanu, Romanian actress (b. 1929)
October 16 – John Tate, American mathematician (b. 1925)
Alicia Alonso, Cuban prima ballerina assoluta (b. 1920)
Göran Malmqvist, Swedish linguist and literary historian (b. 1924)
October 18 – Rui Jordão, Angolan-born Portuguese footballer (b. 1952)
October 19 – Alexander Volkov, Russian tennis player (b. 1967)
October 21 – Lho Shin-yong, 16th Prime Minister of South Korea (b. 1930)
Raymond Leppard, British conductor, composer and editor (b. 1927)
Sadako Ogata, Japanese academic, diplomat, author, administrator, and professor (b. 1927)
Marieke Vervoort, Belgian wheelchair racer (b. 1979)
Enriqueta Basilio, Mexican track and field athlete (b. 1948)
Robert Evans, American film producer and studio executive (b. 1930)
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of ISIL (b. 1971)
Vladimir Bukovsky, Russian-born British human rights activist and political dissident (b. 1942)
October 29 – John Witherspoon, American actor and comedian (b. 1942)
=== November ===
Norbert Eder, German footballer (b. 1955)
Sigvard Ericsson, Swedish speed skater (b. 1930)
Phillip E. Johnson, American lawyer and author (b. 1940)
Marie Laforêt, French-Swiss singer and actress (b. 1939)
Gay Byrne, Irish broadcaster and radio personality (b. 1934)
Jacques Dupont, French Olympic racing cyclist (b. 1928)
November 5 – Omero Antonutti, Italian actor (b. 1935)
November 6 – Jan Stráský, 20th Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia (b. 1940)
Leo Klejn, Russian archaeologist, anthropologist and philologist (b. 1927)
Margarita Salas, Spanish biochemist and academic (b. 1938)
November 8 – Anatoly Krutikov, Russian footballer and manager (b. 1933)
November 10 – István Szívós, Hungarian water polo player (b. 1948)
November 11 – Ralph T. O’Neal, 4th and 6th Premier of the Virgin Islands (b. 1933)
November 12 – Mitsuhisa Taguchi, Japanese footballer (b. 1955)
November 13 – Raymond Poulidor, French bicycle racer (b. 1936)
November 14 – Branko Lustig, Croatian film producer (b. 1932)
November 15 – Harrison Dillard, American track and field athlete (b. 1923)
John Campbell Brown, Scottish astronomer (b. 1947)
Terry O’Neill, British photographer (b. 1938)
November 17 – Adnan Pachachi, Acting Prime Minister of Iraq (b. 1923)
November 18 – Norodom Buppha Devi, Cambodian royal and prima ballerina (b. 1943)
November 19 – D. M. Jayaratne, 14th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1931)
Mary L. Good, American chemist (b. 1931)
Wataru Misaka, American basketball player (b. 1923)
Yaşar Büyükanıt, Turkish military officer (b. 1940)
Jean Douchet, French film critic, actor and director (b. 1929)
Michael J. Pollard, American actor (b. 1939)
Eugène Camara, 7th Prime Minister of Guinea (b. 1942)
Bowen Stassforth, American swimmer (b. 1926)
November 24 – Goo Hara, South Korean singer and actress (b. 1991)
Ken Kavanagh, Australian motorcycle racer (b. 1923)
Köbi Kuhn, Swiss footballer and manager (b. 1943)
Godfrey Gao, Taiwanese-Canadian model and actor (b. 1984)
Jonathan Miller, English actor, director, author, humorist, and medical doctor (b. 1934)
November 28 – Pim Verbeek, Dutch footballer and manager (b. 1956)
November 29 – Yasuhiro Nakasone, 45th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1918)
November 30 – Mariss Jansons, Latvian conductor (b. 1943)
=== December ===
December 1 – Shelley Morrison, American actress (b. 1936)
D. C. Fontana, American television writer (b. 1939)
Francesco Janich, Italian footballer (b. 1937)
Rosa Morena, Spanish flamenco-pop singer and actress (b. 1941)
Tetsu Nakamura, Japanese-Afghan physician (b. 1946)
Bob Willis, English cricketer (b. 1949)
December 5 – Robert Walker, American actor (b. 1940)
Ron Leibman, American actor (b. 1937)
Stoyanka Mutafova, Bulgarian actress (b. 1922)
Reinhard Bonnke, German Pentecostal evangelist (b. 1940)
Zaza Urushadze, Georgian film director, producer and screenwriter (b. 1965)
René Auberjonois, American actor (b. 1940)
Hirokazu Kanazawa, Japanese karate practitioner and teacher (b. 1931)
Caroll Spinney, American puppeteer (b. 1933)
Paul Volcker, American economist (b. 1927)
Zvonimir Vujin, Serbian amateur boxer (b. 1943)
Juice Wrld, American rapper (b. 1998)
Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer and songwriter (b. 1958)
Imre Varga, Hungarian sculptor (b. 1923)
December 10 – Gershon Kingsley, German-American composer (b. 1922)
December 11 – David Bellamy, English naturalist and author (b. 1933)
Danny Aiello, American actor (b. 1933)
Jorge Hernández, Cuban boxer (b. 1954)
Peter Snell, New Zealand athlete (b. 1938)
December 14 – Anna Karina, Danish-French actress (b. 1940)
December 17 – Karin Balzer, German athlete (b. 1938)
December 18 – Claudine Auger, French actress (b. 1941)
Roland Matthes, German swimmer (b. 1950)
Marko Orlandić, 10th President of Montenegro (b. 1930)
December 21 – Martin Peters, English footballer (b. 1943)
Tony Britton, English actor (b. 1924)
Ram Dass, American spiritual teacher, psychologist and author (b. 1931)
Emanuel Ungaro, French fashion designer (b. 1933)
December 23 – Mustafa Mujezinović, 7th Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina (b. 1954)
December 24 – Allee Willis, American songwriter, artist and art director (b. 1947)
Ari Behn, Norwegian author (b. 1972)
Peter Schreier, German operatic tenor and conductor (b. 1935)
Jerry Herman, American composer (b. 1931)
Sue Lyon, American actress (b. 1946)
Galina Volchek, Soviet and Russian actress (b. 1933)
December 27 – Don Imus, American radio personality, television show host, and author (b. 1940)
Alasdair Gray, Scottish visual artist and author (b. 1934)
Neil Innes, English writer, comedian and musician (b. 1944)
Prosper Grech, Maltese cardinal (b. 1925)
Syd Mead, American concept artist (b. 1933)
Djimrangar Dadnadji, 16th Prime Minister of Chad (b. 1954)
Serikbolsyn Abdildin, Kazakh politician and economist (b. 1937)
== Nobel Prizes ==
Chemistry – John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham, and Akira Yoshino
Economics – Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, and Michael Kremer
Literature – Peter Handke
Peace – Abiy Ahmed
Physics – James Peebles, Michel Mayor, and Didier Queloz
Physiology or Medicine – William Kaelin Jr., Peter J. Ratcliffe, and Gregg L. Semenza
== See also ==
List of international years
=== Overviews ===
2019 national electoral calendar
2019 United States elections
=== Specific events and situations ===
2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis
Impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump
2019 British prorogation controversy
2019 Italian government crisis
Conte II Cabinet
=== Categories ===
== References ==